• Disease
  • Attention
  • Attention Deficit
  • Attention Deficit Disorder
  • Bennett A Shaywitz

    Prominent publications by Bennett A Shaywitz

    KOL Index score: 13389

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate atomoxetine treatment effects in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-only), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder with comorbid dyslexia (ADHD+D), or dyslexia only on ADHD core symptoms and on sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), working memory, life performance, and self-concept.

    METHODS: Children and adolescents (10-16 years of age) with ADHD+D (n=124), dyslexia-only (n=58), or ADHD-only (n=27) received atomoxetine (1.0-1.4 ...

    Also Ranks for: Hyperactivity Disorder |  dyslexia adhd |  atomoxetine treatment |  week baseline |  children adolescents
    KOL Index score: 13066

    CONTEXT: Preclinical studies suggest that estrogen affects neural structure and function in mature animals; clinical studies are less conclusive with many, but not all, studies showing a positive influence of estrogen on verbal memory in postmenopausal women.

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of estrogen on brain activation patterns in postmenopausal women as they performed verbal and nonverbal working memory tasks.

    DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover ...

    Also Ranks for: Postmenopausal Women |  brain activation |  memory tasks |  studies estrogen |  inferior parietal lobule
    KOL Index score: 11629

    BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is now widely believed to be a biologically based disorder that is distinct from other, less specific reading problems. According to this view, reading ability is considered to follow a bimodal distribution, with dyslexia as the lower mode. We hypothesized that, instead, reading ability follows a normal distribution, with dyslexia at the lower end of the continuum.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: We used data from the Connecticut Longitudinal Study, a sample survey of 414 ...

    Also Ranks for: Reading Ability |  normal distribution |  discrepancy scores |  lower tail |  dyslexia grade
    KOL Index score: 11282

    OBJECTIVE: The outcome in adolescence of children diagnosed as dyslexic during the early years of school was examined in children prospectively identified in childhood and continuously followed to young adulthood. This sample offers a unique opportunity to investigate a prospectively identified sample of adolescents for whom there is no question of the childhood diagnosis and in whom highly analytic measures of reading and language can be administered in adolescence.

    DESIGN: Children ...

    Also Ranks for: Phonological Awareness |  children dyslexia |  reading skills |  poor readers |  accuracy spelling
    KOL Index score: 11232

    Although a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that may confer multiple health benefits, some fish also contain methyl mercury (MeHg), which may harm the developing fetus. U.S. government recommendations for women of childbearing age are to modify consumption of high-MeHg fish to reduce MeHg exposure, while recommendations encourage fish consumption among the general population because of the nutritional benefits. The Harvard Center for Risk Analysis convened an expert ...

    Also Ranks for: Cognitive Development |  fatty acids |  quantitative analysis |  prenatal intake |  mehg exposure
    KOL Index score: 11070

    Abstract Objective: This study assessed the efficacy of atomoxetine on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children and adolescents having ADHD with comorbid dyslexia (ADHD+D) and the effects of the treatment on reading measures.

    METHODS: The analyses in this report used data from a study designed to examine the effects of a nonstimulant pharmacological agent, atomoxetine, on reading in children with ADHD+D. Patients ages 10-16 years with ADHD or ADHD+D received ...

    Also Ranks for: Atomoxetine Treatment |  hyperactivity disorder |  children adhd |  comorbid dyslexia |  attention deficit
    KOL Index score: 9800

    OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with abnormalities in basal ganglia and prefrontal cortical functioning. However, these studies have primarily relied upon cognitive tasks that reflect impulse control rather than attentional mechanisms.

    METHOD: The authors used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the neural correlates of selective and divided attention in a randomized, double-blind, ...

    Also Ranks for: Deficit Hyperactivity |  neural systems |  reading disorder |  corpus striatum |  basal ganglia
    KOL Index score: 9159

    Although a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that may confer multiple health benefits, some fish also contain methyl mercury (MeHg), which may harm the developing fetus. U.S. government recommendations for women of childbearing age are to modify consumption of high MeHg fish to reduce MeHg exposure, while recommendations encourage fish consumption among the general population because of the nutritional benefits. The Harvard Center for Risk Analysis convened an expert ...

    Also Ranks for: Methyl Mercury |  quantitative analysis |  cognitive development |  mehg exposure |  fish consumption
    KOL Index score: 9057

    The authors applied linear dynamic models to longitudinal data to examine the dynamics of reading and cognition from 1st to 12th grade. They used longitudinal data (N=445) from the Connecticut Longitudinal Study (S. E. Shaywitz, B. A. Shaywitz, J. M. Fletcher, & M. D. Escobar, 1990) to map the dynamic interrelations of various scales of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children--Revised (i.e., Full, Performance, and Verbal) and specific markers of the Woodcock-Johnson ...

    Also Ranks for: Longitudinal Models |  reading cognition |  12th grade |  decoding comprehension |  child development
    KOL Index score: 8789

    BACKGROUND: Converging evidence indicates a functional disruption in the neural systems for reading in adults with dyslexia. We examined brain activation patterns in dyslexic and nonimpaired children during pseudoword and real-word reading tasks that required phonologic analysis (i.e., tapped the problems experienced by dyslexic children in sounding out words).

    METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study 144 right-handed children, 70 dyslexic readers, and 74 ...

    Also Ranks for: Children Dyslexia |  brain systems |  magnetic resonance |  functional disruption |  reading skill
    KOL Index score: 8716

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate deficits of executive functions in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) classified by type (combined [CT] or predominantly inattentive [IT]) and comorbidity with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and reading disorder (RD).

    METHOD: The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Tower of Hanoi (TOH) were administered to 28 community volunteers and 359 children (7.5-13.5 years old) divided into ADHD types, RD, and ODD.

    RESULTS: ADHD/CT children ...

    Also Ranks for: Executive Functioning Deficits |  oppositional defiant |  reading disorder |  adhd children |  comorbidity odd
    KOL Index score: 8523

    BACKGROUND: A range of neurobiological investigations shows a failure of left hemisphere posterior brain systems to function properly during reading in children and adults with reading disabilities. Such evidence of a disruption in the normal reading pathways provides a neurobiological target for reading interventions. In this study, we hypothesized that the provision of an evidence-based, phonologically mediated reading intervention would improve reading fluency and the development of ...

    Also Ranks for: Skilled Reading |  fluency development |  intervention children |  hemisphere regions |  temporal lobe
    KOL Index score: 8304

    Epidemiologic and pharmacologic evidence suggests that abnormalities of catecholaminergic systems in the brain play a role in the pathogenesis of minimal brain dysfunction, but previous attempts to document a neurochemical abnormality have been unsuccessful. To better define central nervous system mechanisms in children with MBD, we have utilized the probenecid loading technique to determine the concentrations of metabolites in the CSF of a clinically homogeneous group of children with ...

    Also Ranks for: Brain Dopamine |  homovanillic acid |  monoamine metabolites |  csf probenecid |  children mbd
    KOL Index score: 8284

    The role of brain catecholaminergic mechanisms in habituation of activity was investigated in rat pups treated with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Intracisternal administration of this agent in the neonatal period resulted in a permanent and significant depletion of brain dopamine to 35.5% of controls while brain norepinephrine remained unchanged. Activity levels in normal developing rat pups increased rapidly between 15-22 days, then declined at maturity (26 days), while activity in 6-OHDA ...

    Also Ranks for: Habituation Activity |  newborn behavior |  rat pups |  6hydroxydopamine 6ohda |  ohda animals


    Bennett A Shaywitz: Influence Statistics

    Sample of concepts for which Bennett A Shaywitz is among the top experts in the world.
    Concept World rank
    century definition #1
    early grades grades #1
    accommodations teaching reading #1
    fluent automatic reading #1
    habituation activity #1
    identically enpackaged placebo #1
    uncomplicated add #1
    ld conduct #1
    adhdrsivparent inv inattentive #1
    rights statistical dyslexia #1
    similarities vocabulary #1
    4 stable dimensions #1
    teacher subscales subjects #1
    death progressive recovery #1
    learning disabilities 80 #1
    progress nosology #1
    hyperactivity child dyslexia #1
    examination reye #1
    findings reliable data #1
    2monthold kittens #1
    absence hyperactivity #1
    aspartame 50 #1
    positive proxy #1
    performance phenobarbital #1
    atomoxetine treatment reading #1
    current definition work #1
    cognitive influences disorder #1
    adhd advances #1
    medical students dyslexia #1
    hypernatremic #1
    viscous lidocaine #1
    functional integrity posterior #1
    age hypernatremic #1
    attention neurobiology #1
    systems reading #1
    identification girls #1
    apomorphine escape performance #1
    normal adults difference #1
    science informing policy #1
    dyslexia ignorance #1
    pups food dyes #1
    yale children #1
    excape learning #1
    reading functional integrity #1
    dyslexia unexpected #1
    behavioral therapy adhd #1
    emergence scientific validation #1
    differences grade #1
    19 slope #1
    activity rat pups #1

    Key People For Attention Deficit Disorder

    Top KOLs in the world
    JOSEPH Biederman
    bipolar disorder attention deficit adults adhd
    Judith L Rapoport
    onset schizophrenia compulsive disorder magnetic resonance
    Dennis P Cantwell
    psychiatric disorder hyperactive children childhood depression
    Russell A Barkley
    hyperactivity disorder attention deficit hyperactive children
    C Keith Conners
    children adhd hyperactivity disorder attention deficit
    Stephen V Faraone∗
    hyperactivity disorder attention deficit children adhd

    Bennett A Shaywitz:Expert Impact

    Concepts for whichBennett A Shaywitzhas direct influence:Attention deficit disorder,  Rat pups,  Attention deficit,  Minimal brain dysfunction,  Reading disability,  Brain dopamine,  Postmenopausal women,  Neuropsychiatric disorders.

    Bennett A Shaywitz:KOL impact

    Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Bennett A Shaywitz has influence:Developmental dyslexia,  Learning disabilities,  Reading comprehension,  Tourette syndrome,  Hyperactivity disorder,  Attention deficit,  Phonological awareness.



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    Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, 129 York Street, Suite 1P, 06511, New Haven, CT, USA | Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. | De