Prominent publications by Polly J Bingley

KOL Index score: 17456

IMPORTANCE: Exposing the oral mucosa to antigen may stimulate immune tolerance. It is unknown whether treatment with oral insulin can induce a tolerogenic immune response in children genetically susceptible to type 1 diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the immune responses and adverse events associated with orally administered insulin in autoantibody-negative, genetically at-risk children.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Pre-POINT study, a double-blind, placebo-controlled, ...

Also Ranks for: Oral Insulin |  immune responses |  1 diabetes |  children risk |  clinical trial
KOL Index score: 16991

AIM: Maturity-onset diabetes of the young is a monogenic form of familial, young-onset diabetes. It is rare (∼1% diabetes) and may be misdiagnosed as Type 1 diabetes and inappropriately treated with insulin. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by the presence of islet autoantibodies, including glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and islet antigen-2 (IA-2) antibodies. The prevalence of islet autoantibodies is unknown in maturity-onset diabetes of the young and may have the potential to ...

Also Ranks for: Islet Autoantibodies |  type 1 |  onset diabetes |  glutamate decarboxylase |  gad ia2
KOL Index score: 15785

OBJECTIVE: A major feature of type 1 diabetes is the appearance of islet autoantibodies before diagnosis. However, although the genetics of type 1 diabetes is advanced, the genetics of islet autoantibodies needs further investigation. The primary susceptibility loci in type 1 diabetes, the HLA class I and II genes, are believed to determine the specificity and magnitude of the autoimmune response to islet antigens. We investigated the association of glutamic acid decarboxylase ...

Also Ranks for: Type 1 Diabetes |  hla class |  gada ia2a |  islet autoantibodies |  genes mhc
KOL Index score: 14833

Importance: High gluten intake during childhood may confer risk of celiac disease.

Objectives: To investigate if the amount of gluten intake is associated with celiac disease autoimmunity and celiac disease in genetically at-risk children.

Design, Setting, and Participants: The participants in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY), a prospective observational birth cohort study designed to identify environmental triggers of type 1 diabetes and celiac disease, ...

Also Ranks for: Celiac Disease |  gluten intake |  type 1 diabetes |  risk children |  tissue transglutaminase
KOL Index score: 14794

OBJECTIVE: Misdiagnosis of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) remains widespread, despite the benefits of optimized management. This cross-sectional study examined diagnostic misclassification of MODY in subjects with clinically labeled young adult-onset type 1 and type 2 diabetes by extending genetic testing beyond current guidelines.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Individuals were selected for diagnostic sequencing if they displayed features atypical for their diagnostic label. ...

Also Ranks for: 2 Diabetes |  hepatocyte nuclear factor |  onset type |  systematic assessment |  hnf1a hnf4a
KOL Index score: 14297

OBJECTIVES: To monitor incidence of insulin dependent diabetes in children in Oxford health region since 1985, and to look for any evidence of disproportionate increase in children aged under 5.

DESIGN: Primary ascertainment of cases of childhood diabetes was by prospective registration of all patients with insulin dependent diabetes diagnosed before age 15 years between 1985 and 1996 and resident in Oxford region at time of diagnosis. This was supplemented by examination of centralised ...

Also Ranks for: Insulin Dependent Diabetes |  5 years |  children aged |  rising incidence |  oxford region
KOL Index score: 14091

OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of parental age at delivery and birth order on subsequent risk of childhood diabetes.

DESIGN: Prospective population based family study.

SETTING: Area formerly administered by the Oxford Regional Health Authority.

PARTICIPANTS: 1375 families in which one child or more had diabetes. Of 3221 offspring, 1431 had diabetes (median age at diagnosis 10.5 years, range 0.4-28.5) and 1790 remained non-diabetic at a median age of 16. 1 years.


Also Ranks for: Maternal Age |  birth order |  type 1 |  delivery risk |  diabetes child
KOL Index score: 13613

BACKGROUND: The presence of HLA haplotype DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 is associated with an increased risk of celiac disease. In addition, nearly all children with celiac disease have serum antibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG).

METHODS: We studied 6403 children with HLA haplotype DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 prospectively from birth in the United States, Finland, Germany, and Sweden. The primary end point was the development of celiac disease autoimmunity, which was defined as the presence of ...

Also Ranks for: Celiac Disease |  hla haplotype |  united states |  dr3dq2 dr4dq8 |  persistently levels
KOL Index score: 13052

The aim of this workshop was to assess the ability of individual autoantibody (ab) assays and their use in combination to discriminate between type 1 diabetic and control sera. Coded aliquots of sera were measured in a total of 119 assays by 49 participating laboratories in 17 countries. The sera were from 51 patients with new onset type 1 diabetes and 101 healthy control subjects with no family history of diabetes. In the final analysis, data on diabetic sera were restricted to 43 ...

Also Ranks for: Type 1 Diabetes |  islet autoantibody |  assays sensitivity |  cell antibodies |  1 diabetic
KOL Index score: 12614

Early onset type 1 diabetes is associated with rapid beta-cell failure and high levels of HLA-mediated genetic susceptibility. We examined familial risk of disease in relation to age at onset in 1,299 families participating in the Bart's Oxford population-based family study of type 1 diabetes. Risk of diabetes was estimated by survival analysis in 1,430 siblings and 2,419 parents and related to age at onset in the proband. Unaffected relatives at high risk were identified by measurement ...

Also Ranks for: Familial Risk |  age onset |  genetic susceptibility |  5 years |  hla antigens
KOL Index score: 11598

BACKGROUND: Results of studies in animals and human beings suggest that type 1 diabetes is preventable. Nicotinamide prevents autoimmune diabetes in animal models, possibly through inhibition of the DNA repair enzyme poly-ADP-ribose polymerase and prevention of beta-cell NAD depletion. We aimed to assess whether high dose nicotinamide prevents or delays clinical onset of diabetes in people with a first-degree family history of type 1 diabetes.

METHOD: We did a randomised double-blind ...

Also Ranks for: Type 1 Diabetes |  controlled trial |  european nicotinamide |  animal models |  clinical onset
KOL Index score: 11482

Children with permanent diabetes are usually assumed to have type 1 diabetes. It has recently been shown that there are genetic subgroups of diabetes that are often diagnosed during the neonatal period but may present later. A recent Italian study proposed that type 1 diabetes is rare before 6 months of age. We aimed to examine genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes in patients diagnosed with diabetes before the age of 2 years. We analyzed HLA class II genotypes, markers of autoimmune ...

Also Ranks for: 6 Months |  patients diagnosed |  diabetes age |  2 years |  type 1
KOL Index score: 11224

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Autoantibodies directed at single islet autoantigens are associated with lower overall risk of type 1 diabetes than multiple autoantibodies, but individuals with one autoantibody may progress to higher risk categories. We examined the characteristics of this progression in relatives followed prospectively in the TrialNet Pathway to Prevention.

METHODS: The study population comprised 983 relatives who were single autoantibody positive with normal baseline glucose ...

Also Ranks for: 1 Diabetes |  multiple autoantibodies |  islets langerhans |  normal glucose tolerance |  progression islet autoimmunity

Key People For Type 1 Diabetes

Top KOLs in the world
John * ******
type 1 diabetes cardiovascular disease complications trial
David ******* ******
type 2 diabetes insulin resistance cardiovascular disease
William * **********
type 1 diabetes young children growth hormone
Patricia * ******
type 1 diabetes optic neuritis intensive therapy
George * **********
type 1 diabetes nod mice celiac disease
Marian * ******
type 1 diabetes islet autoimmunity celiac disease

Polly J Bingley:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichPolly J Bingleyhas direct influence:Type 1 diabetes,  1 diabetes,  Type 1,  Celiac disease,  Islet autoantibodies,  Diabetes mellitus,  Insulin autoantibodies,  United kingdom.

Polly J Bingley:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Polly J Bingley has influence:Type 1 diabetes,  Celiac disease,  Diabetic ketoacidosis,  Islet autoantibodies,  Insulin resistance.



Is this your profile? manage_accounts Claim your profile content_copy Copy URL code Embed Link to your profile

School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, England | School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. | Diabetes and Metabolism, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, U.K | School of Clinical Scienc