Prominent publications by Allan L Coates

KOL Index score: 10633

Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, prematurity, and familial airway hyperreactivity may contribute to long-term pulmonary sequelae. We assessed the role of each by testing pulmonary function and airway reactivity in 11 prematurely born children who survived the respiratory distress syndrome and in 11 prematurely born children who had no neonatal respiratory disease, each of whom was paired with a sibling born at term. The subjects were between 7 and 12 years of age when ...

Also Ranks for: Respiratory Distress |  pulmonary sequelae |  newborn infant |  airway reactivity |  expiratory volume
KOL Index score: 10339

Inhaled mannitol has been developed for bronchial challenge testing in adults. This study determined if mannitol could identify children with active asthma and responsive to methacholine, and whether mannitol challenge was faster to complete than methacholine challenge. Twenty-five children (aged 6-13 years) responsive to methacholine and 10 nonasthmatic children unresponsive to methacholine were studied. The methacholine challenge (Cockcroft protocol) was followed by a mannitol ...

Also Ranks for: Inhaled Mannitol |  active asthma |  challenge children |  95 confidence interval |  bronchial provocation
KOL Index score: 10085

RATIONALE: The American Thoracic Society guidelines (1999) for methacholine challenge tests (MCTs) using the 2-minute tidal breathing protocol were developed for the now-obsolete English-Wright (EW) nebulizer. In addition, the guideline recommendation to use the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% drop in FEV1 (PC20) rather than the provocative dose of methacholine causing a 20% drop in FEV1 (PD20) for determining the level of bronchial hyperresponsiveness has been ...

Also Ranks for: Provocative Dose |  methacholine challenge tests |  pd20 pc20 |  airway responsiveness |  asthma bronchial
KOL Index score: 9747

Age-related reference ranges are useful for assessing growth in children. The LMS method is a popular technique for constructing growth charts that model the age-changing distribution of the measurement in terms of the median, coefficient of variation and skewness. Here the methodology is extended to references that depend on body size as well as age, by exploiting the flexibility of the generalised additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) technique. GAMLSS offers general ...

Also Ranks for: Height Age |  reference ranges |  fev1 fvc |  body size |  lms method
KOL Index score: 9535

Pulmonary function tests in adults with sickle cell disease have shown a restrictive pattern that has been attributed to the sequelae of acute chest syndrome (ACS). We compared pulmonary function test results in 37 children with sickle cell anemia (20 with SS hemoglobin (HbSS), 14 with SC hemoglobin, and 3 with S beta hemoglobin) with those in 22 control subjects matched for sex, race, and height and compared pulmonary function in patients with and without a history of ACS. Of the 10 ...

Also Ranks for: Pulmonary Function |  sickle cell |  airway obstruction |  patients hbss |  total lung capacity
KOL Index score: 9284

BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids are not as effective as oral corticosteroids in school-aged children with severe acute asthma. It is uncertain how inhaled corticosteroids compare with oral corticosteroids in mild to moderate exacerbations.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to determine whether there is a significant difference in the percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second in children with mild to moderate acute asthma treated with either inhaled ...

Also Ranks for: Acute Asthma |  emergency department |  inhaled fluticasone |  oral corticosteroids |  inhalation administration
KOL Index score: 9252

Importance: While intravenous magnesium decreases hospitalizations in refractory pediatric acute asthma, it is variably used because of invasiveness and safety concerns. The benefit of nebulized magnesium to prevent hospitalization is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of nebulized magnesium in children with acute asthma remaining in moderate or severe respiratory distress after initial therapy.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized double-blind parallel-group ...

Also Ranks for: Refractory Acute Asthma |  emergency department |  children acute |  pram score |  nebulized magnesium
KOL Index score: 8974

Seven children born prematurely who survived the respiratory distress syndrome, seven children born prematurely who had no neonatal lung disease, and seven normal children born at term were studied by comparison of flow volume curves obtained while breathing air to those obtained while breathing 80% helium and 20% oxygen. Expiratory flow rates in air both groups of prematurely born children were lower than flow rates of the children born at term, and the volumes of iso-flow were higher ...

Also Ranks for: Respiratory Distress Syndrome |  newborn infant |  flow rates |  children born |  pulmonary sequelae
KOL Index score: 8863

This international task force report updates general considerations for bronchial challenge testing and the performance of the methacholine challenge test. There are notable changes from prior recommendations in order to accommodate newer delivery devices. Rather than basing the test result upon a methacholine concentration (provocative concentration (PC20) causing a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)), the new recommendations base the result upon the delivered dose of ...

Also Ranks for: Bronchial Challenge Testing |  methacholine challenge |  general considerations |  ers technical standard |  20 fall
KOL Index score: 8759

Initial evaluation of 22 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) on entry into a trial of home oxygen therapy was used to elucidate the possible effects of poor nutritional status on exercise performance in CF. The patients had advanced lung disease (mean FEV1, 36 percent predicted) and all had a stable resting PaO2 less than or equal to 65 mm Hg. Nutritional status was determined by calculating weight as a percentage of ideal for height (Wt/Ht) for each subject. Exercise testing consisted of ...

Also Ranks for: Nutritional Status |  exercise performance |  lung function |  stroke volume sv |  cystic fibrosis
KOL Index score: 8723

The ability to predict drug deposition of inhaled drugs used in cystic fibrosis (CF) is important if there is a need to target specific doses of drug to the lungs of individual patients. The gold standard of measuring pulmonary deposition is the quantification of an aerosolized radiolabel either mixed with the drug solution or tagged directly to the compound of interest. Accuracy of the quantification could be assured if there is agreement between the amount of radioactivity before and ...

Also Ranks for: Lung Deposition |  cystic fibrosis |  vaporizers imaging radiopharmaceuticals |  inhaled drugs |  gold standard
KOL Index score: 8665

RATIONALE: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) reference is currently recommended for interpreting spirometry results, but it is limited by the lack of subjects younger than 8 years and does not continuously model spirometry across all ages.

OBJECTIVES: By collating pediatric data from other large-population surveys, we have investigated ways of developing reference ranges that more accurately describe the relationship between spirometric lung function ...

Also Ranks for: Reference Ranges |  height age |  nhanes iii |  4 years |  values spirometry
KOL Index score: 8624

While the FEV1 had been recognized as an excellent indicator of disability, it is not very sensitive to early and mild disease. In cystic fibrosis (CF) small airway disease is believed to be one of the early hallmarks and indices such as the FEF25-75 and FEF75 have been proposed as sensitive markers of early disease. The site of early disease in asthma is not as well worked out. Recently a study of more than 20,000 spirometries found that neither of these indices added anything to the ...

Also Ranks for: Cystic Fibrosis |  lung disease |  fev1 fvc |  expiratory volume humans |  lower limit
KOL Index score: 8621

Our objective was to study long-term respiratory outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated in the perinatal period. This was a cohort study with 26 adolescent survivors and age- and gender-matched controls. Medical histories were retrieved from hospital charts and questionnaires. Pulmonary function testing included measurement of maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIPS and MEPS) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV). Unpaired two-tailed t-test and nonlinear ...

Also Ranks for: Diaphragmatic Hernias |  pulmonary morbidity |  residual volume |  survivors congenital |  lung diseases
KOL Index score: 8582

Malnutrition and hyperinflation may both lead to respiratory muscle weakness. To assess separately the effects of chronic hyperinflation and malnutrition on respiratory muscle strength (RMS), 22 subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) with both hyperinflation and malnutrition were compared to 10 asthmatic patients, a group with hyperinflation without malnutrition, 9 subjects with anorexia nervosa (AN), a group with malnutrition without lung disease, and 14(6 males and 8 females) control ...

Also Ranks for: Nutritional Status |  respiratory muscle |  hyperinflation malnutrition |  bmp piwt |  anorexia nervosa

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Allan L Coates:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichAllan L Coateshas direct influence:Cystic fibrosis,  Lung function,  Cardiac output,  Emergency department,  Pulse oximetry,  Pulmonary function,  Nutritional status,  Patients cystic fibrosis.

Allan L Coates:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Allan L Coates has influence:Lung function,  Cystic fibrosis,  Copd patients,  Pulmonary disease,  Chronic obstructive,  Physical activity,  Exercise capacity.



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Division of Respiratory medicine, Dept of Pediatrics, Physiology and Environmental Medicine, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada | Division of Respiratory Medicine, Sick Kids Research Institute,