Andrew W Young
Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom. | Department of Psychology, University of York | Department of Psychology, University of York, ...
KOL Resume for Andrew W Young (facial, nerve facial, disorders, nerve, facial nerve disorders)
Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.
Department of Psychology, University of York
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK.
University of York, York, UK
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.
School of Psychological Science, ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Department of Psychology, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
York Neuroimaging Centre and Department of Psychology, University of York, UK
ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
Department of Psychology University of York Heslington North Yorkshire UK
Department of Psychology and York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
Department of Psychology and York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom.
Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy, York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York YO10 5NY, UK, Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK, and Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, HU6 7RX Hull, UK Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milano, Italy, York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York YO10 5NY, UK, Department of Psychology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK, and Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, HU6 7RX Hull, UK.
York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom
Department of Psychology, York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York, UK
Department of Psychology and York NeuroImaging Centre, University of York, UK
York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom, and
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington YO10 5DD, United Kingdom;
York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, York, YO10 5DG, UK
University of York, Department of Psychology and York NeuroImaging Centre, York YO10 5DD, UK
Department of Psychology University of York
Department of Psychology and York Neuroimaging Centre, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
Department of Psychology, York University, York, UK
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, England, UK
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, England
York University, USA
Department of Psychology, University of York, Heslington, York YO1 5DD, U.K.
MRC Applied Psychology Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF, UK
Medical Research Council Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, England
MRC Applied Psychology Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge, England
Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge
Medical Research Council Applied Psychology Unit, 15 Chaucer Road, Cambridge CB2 2EF.
MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, Department of Psychology, University of Durham, and, Department of Psychiatry, Doncaster Royal Infirmary, Doncaster, UK
University of Durham ,
Department of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JU, Scotland
University of Lancaster, U.K.
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, U.K.
a University of Durham ,
Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, Durham DH1 3LE, England, Electronic mail:,
Prominent publications by Andrew W Young
The relation between anger and different forms of disgust: Implications for emotion recognition impairments in Huntington's disease
[ PUBLICATION ]
Initial reports of emotion recognition in Huntington's disease (HD) found disproportionate impairments in recognising disgust. Not all subsequent studies have found this pattern, and a review of the literature to date shows that marked impairments in recognising anger are also often seen in HD. However, the majority of studies have based their conclusions on a single test of facial expression recognition. In the current study we revisit this issue of emotion recognition in HD to address ...
|Known for Emotion Recognition | Disgust Anger | Huntingtons Disease | Facial Expressions | Disproportionate Impairments|
Face perception and emotion recognition were investigated in a group of people with Huntington's disease and matched controls. In conventional tasks intended to explore the perception of age, sex, unfamiliar face identity (Benton test) and gaze direction from the face, the Huntington's disease group showed a borderline impairment of gaze direction perception and were significantly impaired on unfamiliar face matching. With a separate set of tasks using computerinterpolated ('morphed') ...
|Known for Huntingtons Disease | Recognition Emotions | Anger Fear | Perception Emotion | Unfamiliar Matching|
A differential pattern of neural response toward sad versus happy facial expressions in major depressive disorder
[ PUBLICATION ]
BACKGROUND: Accurate recognition of facial expressions is crucial for social functioning. In depressed individuals, implicit and explicit attentional biases away from happy and toward sad stimuli have been demonstrated. These may be associated with the negative cognitions in these individuals.
METHODS: Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), neural responses to happy and sad facial expressions were measured in 14 healthy individuals and 16 individuals with major ...
|Known for Neural Response | Happy Facial | Depressed Individuals | Major Depressive Disorder | Fusiform Gyrus|
Key PointsThe dominant view in current theories of face perception is that facial identity (recognizing who a person is) and facial expression (interpreting their moods and feelings) are processed by distinct parallel visual routes. Although there is considerable evidence to support the independent coding of identity and expression, it is not clear whether the idea of distinct parallel visual routes provides the best fit to the data.We conclude that there is clear evidence for some ...
|Known for Facial Identity | Visual Recognition | Inferior Occipital Gyrus | Clear Evidence | Current Theories|
BACKGROUND: Impairments in social cognition have been described in schizophrenia and relate to core symptoms of the disorder. Social cognition is subserved by a network of brain regions, many of which have been implicated in schizophrenia. We hypothesized that deficits in connectivity between components of this social brain network may underlie the social cognition impairments seen in the disorder.
METHODS: We investigated brain activation and connectivity in a group of individuals with ...
|Known for Amygdala Connectivity | Social Brain | Individuals Schizophrenia | Frontal Gyrus | Resonance Imaging|
Internal and External Features of the Face Are Represented Holistically in Face-Selective Regions of Visual Cortex
[ PUBLICATION ]
The perception and recognition of familiar faces depends critically on an analysis of the internal features of the face (eyes, nose, mouth). We therefore contrasted how information about the internal and external (hair, chin, face outline) features of familiar and unfamiliar faces is represented in face-selective regions. There was a significant response to both the internal and external features of the face when presented in isolation. However, the response to the internal features was ...
|Known for External Features | Visual Cortex | Familiar Faces | Selective Regions | Adaptation Ffa|
Brain regions involved in processing facial identity and expression are differentially selective for surface and edge information
[ PUBLICATION ]
Although different brain regions are widely considered to be involved in the recognition of facial identity and expression, it remains unclear how these regions process different properties of the visual image. Here, we ask how surface-based reflectance information and edge-based shape cues contribute to the perception and neural representation of facial identity and expression. Contrast-reversal was used to generate images in which normal contrast relationships across the surface of the ...
|Known for Facial Identity | Brain Regions | Neural Representation | Image Processing | Visual Perception|
BACKGROUND: The amygdala plays a central role in detecting and responding to fear-related stimuli. A number of recent studies have reported decreased amygdala activation in schizophrenia to emotional stimuli (such as fearful faces) compared with matched neutral stimuli (such as neutral faces). We investigated whether the apparent decrease in amygdala activation in schizophrenia could actually derive from increased amygdala activation to the neutral comparator stimuli.
METHODS: Nineteen ...
|Known for Neutral Faces | Amygdala Activation | Patients Schizophrenia | Emotional Stimuli | Neural Systems|
Neural Responses to Expression and Gaze in the Posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus Interact with Facial Identity
[ PUBLICATION ]
Neural models of human face perception propose parallel pathways. One pathway (including posterior superior temporal sulcus, pSTS) is responsible for processing changeable aspects of faces such as gaze and expression, and the other pathway (including the fusiform face area, FFA) is responsible for relatively invariant aspects such as identity. However, to be socially meaningful, changes in expression and gaze must be tracked across an individual face. Our aim was to investigate how this ...
|Known for Facial Identity | Neural Responses | Posterior Superior | Functional Connectivity | Expression Gaze|
Face processing and facial expression recognition were investigated in the earliest stages of Huntington's disease, by studying 40 people who presented for genetic testing. Twenty-three of these 'at risk' individuals turned out not to carry the gene for Huntington's disease (the AR- group). Seventeen were found to be gene carriers (the AR+ group); 15 from genetic testing, and two who showed signs of early stages of Huntington's disease. A number of standard tasks were used to provide ...
|Known for Gene Carriers | Impaired Recognition | Emotion Disgust | Huntingtons Disease | Facial Expressions|
Spatial properties of objects predict patterns of neural response in the ventral visual pathway
[ PUBLICATION ]
Neuroimaging studies have revealed topographically organised patterns of response to different objects in the ventral visual pathway. These patterns are thought to be based on the form of the object. However, it is not clear what dimensions of object form are important. Here, we determined the extent to which spatial properties (energy across the image) could explain patterns of response in these regions. We compared patterns of fMRI response to images from different object categories ...
|Known for Neural Response | Ventral Visual Pathway | Spatial Properties | Object Categories | Image Patterns|
Emotion Perception from Dynamic and Static Body Expressions in Point-Light and Full-Light Displays
[ PUBLICATION ]
Research on emotion recognition has been dominated by studies of photographs of facial expressions. A full understanding of emotion perception and its neural substrate will require investigations that employ dynamic displays and means of expression other than the face. Our aims were: (i) to develop a set of dynamic and static whole-body expressions of basic emotions for systematic investigations of clinical populations, and for use in functional-imaging studies; (ii) to assess ...
|Known for Emotion Perception | Light Displays | Body Expressions | Previous Findings | Dynamic Static|
Different methods of lexical access for words presented in the left and right visual hemifields
[ PUBLICATION ]
Right-handed adults were asked to identify by name bilaterally presented words and pronounceable nonwords. For words in the normal horizontal format, word length (number of letters) affected left visual hemifield (LVF) but not right visual hemifield (RVF) performance in Experiments 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6. This finding was made for words of high and low frequency (Experiment 6) and imageability (Experiment 5). It also held across markedly different levels of overall performance (Experiments 1 ...
|Known for Lexical Access | Visual Hemifield | Normal Reading | Length Effects | Pronounceable Nonwords|
Differential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces
[ PUBLICATION ]
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were used to investigate the role of attention on the processing of facial expressions of fear and disgust. Stimuli consisted of overlapping pictures of a face and a house. Participants had to monitor repetitions of faces or houses, in separate blocks of trials, so that object-based attention was manipulated while spatial attention was kept constant. Faces varied in expression and could be either fearful or neutral (in the fear condition) or disgusted or ...
|Known for Evoked Potentials | Fear Disgust | Differential Effects | Facial Expressions | Selective Attention|
Facial expression megamix: Tests of dimensional and category accounts of emotion recognition
[ PUBLICATION ]
We report four experiments investigating the perception of photographic quality continua of interpolated ('morphed') facial expressions derived from prototypes of the 6 emotions in the Ekman and Friesen (1976) series (happiness, surprise, fear, sadness, disgust and anger). In Experiment 1, morphed images made from all possible pairwise combinations of expressions were presented in random order; subjects identified these as belonging to distinct expression categories corresponding to the ...
|Known for Emotion Recognition | Facial Expression | Experiment Subjects | Morphed Images | Discrete Categories|
Andrew W Young: Influence Statistics
|identity surface properties||#1|
|faces ambient images||#1|
|superiority cerebral hemisphere||#1|
|disguised undisguised faces||#1|
|faces internal features||#1|
|everyday errors patterns||#1|
|stimulus recognition retrieval||#1|
|young visual adult||#1|
|responses perceived trustworthiness||#1|
|culture driven models||#1|
|cvc nonwords drawings||#1|
|participants ownrace advantage||#1|
|parts upright composites||#1|
|expression identity interact||#1|
|view capgras delusion||#1|
|identity common ability||#1|
|capgras delusion patients||#1|
|ambient images faces||#1|
|emotion adapting stimulus||#1|
|surface properties recognition||#1|
|chimaeric objects objects||#1|
|town recognised building||#1|
|stimuli emotional distractors||#1|
|rvf nouns age||#1|
|capgras delusion investigations||#1|
|hemisphere superiority condition||#1|
|initial fixation saccades||#1|
|underlying repetition priming||#1|
|hw processing abilities||#1|
|sex judgment faces||#1|
|facial identity familiarity||#1|
|bion female fixation||#1|
|contributions feature shapes||#1|
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Key People For Facial Expression
Andrew W Young:Expert Impact
Concepts for whichAndrew W Younghas direct influence:Facial expression, Facial expressions, Familiar faces, Repetition priming, Facial identity, Emotion recognition, Facial impressions, Neural response.
Andrew W Young:KOL impact
Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Andrew W Young has influence:Facial expressions, Emotion recognition, Social cognition, Holistic processing, Magnetic resonance, Individual differences, Major depression.
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