Prominent publications by John L McGuire

KOL Index score: 10585

The progestational and androgenic in vitro receptor binding affinity and the in vivo activity of norgestimate was compared with that of its metabolites and other progestins. The relative binding affinities (RBAs) of norgestimate and its 17-deacetylated metabolite for rabbit uterine progestin receptors were similar to that of progesterone (P); those of 3-keto norgestimate and levonorgestrel were about five times that of P; those of gestodene and 3-keto desogestrel were about nine times ...

Also Ranks for: Androgen Receptors |  norgestimate progestins |  receptor binding |  gestodene levonorgestrel |  3keto desogestrel
KOL Index score: 9333

Pituitary sensitivity to a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) challenge test before, during, and after GnRH antagonist administration was compared in four ovariectomized female monkeys receiving GnRH antagonist intramuscularly (IM) at increasing doses of 0.3, 1.0, and 3.0 mg/kg/day over 9 days. Three days before and 3 days after treatment, monkeys received vehicle alone. On experiment days 4, 7, 10, 13, and 16, 100 micrograms of GnRH was administered intravenously (IV) and blood drawn ...

Also Ranks for: Gnrh Antagonist |  releasing hormone |  fsh lh |  pituitary suppression |  follicle stimulating
KOL Index score: 6732

The potencies and activities of six progestational agents, norethindrone, levonorgestrel, desogestrel, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), progesterone (P) and norgestimate have been evaluated using standard laboratory bioassays. The endocrine activities measured are those most closely related to the clinically important actions of contraceptives. Relative potencies varied with parameter measured, route of administration and species showing clearly that each progestogen is a distinct ...

Also Ranks for: Norethindrone Levonorgestrel |  ovulation inhibition |  oral administration |  target organs |  medroxyprogesterone acetate
KOL Index score: 6237

An in situ model for studying factors related to dysmenorrhea and for evaluating drugs for their inhibitory effects on uterine contractility induced by arachidonic acid and prostaglandins has been developed. Intravenous administration of arachidonic acid and PGF2 alpha to guinea pigs during the late stage of the estrous cycle, induced dose related uterine contractions and an elevation in uterine basal pressure similar to that seen in patients with dysmenorrhea. Pretreatment with ...

Also Ranks for: Arachidonic Acid |  uterine contractions |  pgf2 alpha |  animal doseresponse relationship |  effects suprofen
KOL Index score: 5996

The relative binding affinity of norgestimate for human sex hormone-binding globulin was compared with that of its metabolites and other progestins by measuring their abilities to displace [3H]testosterone from this carrier protein in vitro. Norgestimate and its 17-deacetylated and 3-keto metabolites did not significantly displace [3H]testosterone from sex hormone-binding globulin at concentrations up to 10,000 nM, whereas gestodene, levonorgestrel, and 3-keto desogestrel displaced ...

Also Ranks for: Binding Globulin |  sex hormone |  levonorgestrel norgestrel |  norgestimate metabolites |  norpregnenes progesterone
KOL Index score: 5409

Studies with an in situ preparation of guinea pig uterus suggest the possible involvement of the lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism in myometrial contractions. Female guinea pigs were sensitized to ovalbumin (OA) on day one of their estrous cycle. On day 14, these pigs were anesthetized and the uterus was cannulated for measuring contractions. OA challenge, with histamine antagonism (methapyrilene) resulted in uterine contractions which significantly raised ...

Also Ranks for: Lipoxygenase Products |  antigen challenge |  uterine contractions |  guinea pigs |  estrous cycle
KOL Index score: 5105

In the lung, the contraction of smooth muscle, or bronchospasm, is generally caused by an immunologic insult resulting in mast cell degranulation and the release of histamine, slow reacting substances, and other mediators of inflammation (1). Although the immediate response is bronchospasm, continued activation of this sequence of events results in a chronic inflammatory disease. In the uterus, numerous conditions can result in smooth muscle contraction. One major pathophysiological ...

Also Ranks for: Arachidonic Acid |  smooth muscle |  uterine contraction |  guinea pigs |  lipoxygenase products
KOL Index score: 4986

Terconazole is a new triazole ketal derivative with broad-spectrum in vitro and in vivo antifungal activities. This study further characterizes the effects of terconazole in vitro on yeast cell growth, viability, and morphology. Terconazole inhibited the growth of Candida albicans ATCC 44859 in a concentration-related manner, but with modest effects noted at levels from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M when the yeast was grown on media favoring the cell form. The inhibitory potency of terconazole on ...

Also Ranks for: Effects Terconazole |  electron microscopy |  antifungal agents |  candida albicans |  broad spectrum
KOL Index score: 4815

The effect of endometriosis on pregnancy, from ovulation through day 14 of pregnancy, was studied in an animal model previously developed and validated with the use of the rabbit. Endometrial tissue was implanted surgically in rabbits and allowed to grow for 11 weeks without hormonal supplementation. The animals were artificially inseminated with semen from bucks with established fertility and human chorionic gonadotropin was administered to induce ovulation. The animals were put to ...

Also Ranks for: Infertility Endometriosis |  endometrial tissue |  animal model |  embryo implantation |  ascitic fluid
KOL Index score: 4751

Norgestimate is a novel progestin with highly selective progestational activity and minimal androgenicity. In rabbits, norgestimate binds to uterine progestin receptors, stimulates the endometrium, and inhibits ovulation. Norgestimate acts directly on target organs, stimulating rabbit endometrium when injected into the uterine cavity and inhibiting luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone-stimulated luteinizing hormone release in dispersed rat pituitary cells in culture. Norgestimate has no ...

Also Ranks for: Androgenic Activity |  norgestimate progestin |  androgen receptors |  rabbits rats |  estrogens female
KOL Index score: 4672

Biotransformation, pharmacologic, and pharmacokinetic studies of norgestimate and its metabolites indicate that 17-deacetyl norgestimate, along with the parent drug, contributes to the biologic response. The postulated metabolic pathway, which is based on the identification of urinary products had indicated that three metabolites of norgestimate, 17-deacetyl norgestimate, 3-keto norgestimate, and levonorgestrel, might participate in the response. The pharmacologic evaluation of these ...

Also Ranks for: Metabolites Norgestimate |  parent drug |  17 deacetyl |  serum women |  contraceptives oral
KOL Index score: 4159

We attempted to characterize the ability of a new oxytocin derivative, 1-deamino[D-Tyr(Oethyl)2,Thr4,Orn8] vasotocin (ORF 22164), to antagonize the action of oxytocin in several in vitro and in vivo animal models of uterine hyperactivity. In these studies, the derivative was found to be a specific competitive inhibitor of oxytocin-induced contractions of pregnant guinea pig uterus in vitro. In addition, its intravenous administration induced a dose-dependent inhibition of ...

Also Ranks for: Preterm Labor |  uterine contractility |  oxytocin antagonist |  animal models |  new tocolytic agent

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John L McGuire:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichJohn L McGuirehas direct influence:Gnrh antagonist,  Antifertility activity,  Oral administration,  Arachidonic acid,  Uterine contractions,  Uterine contractility,  Preterm labor,  Oxytocin antagonist.

John L McGuire:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which John L McGuire has influence:Oral contraceptives,  Ethinyl estradiol,  Preterm labor,  Uterine contractions,  Contraceptive patch,  Ovarian stimulation,  Mast cells.



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