• KOLs Community
    • Human Plague
    • Cases Of Cat-Associated...
    • Key People For Human Plague

      Top KOLs in the world
      Kenneth L Gage
      yersinia pestis prairie dogs united states
      Lila Rahalison
      yersinia pestis bubonic plague rattus rattus
      Elisabeth Carniel
      yersinia pestis pathogenicity island bubonic plague
      Paul J Ettestad
      new mexico united states human plague
      Russell E Enscore
      yersinia pestis united states new mexico
      Nils Christian Stenseth
      population dynamics bale monkeys density dependence

      Cases of Cat-Associated Human Plague in the Western US, 1977–1998


      Exposure to cats infected with Yersinia pestis is a recently recognized risk for human plague in the US. Twenty-three cases of cat-associated human plague (5 of which were fatal) occurred in 8 western states from 1977 through 1998, which represent 7.7% of the total 297 cases reported in that period. Bites, scratches, or other contact with infectious materials while handling infected cats resulted in 17 cases of bubonic plague, 1 case of primary septicemic plague, and 5 cases of primary pneumonic plague. The 5 fatal cases were associated with misdiagnosis or delays in seeking treatment, which resulted in overwhelming infection and various manifestations of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Unlike infections acquired by flea bites, the occurrence of cat-associated human plague did not increase significantly during summer months. Plague epizootics in rodents also were observed less frequently at exposure sites for cases of cat-associated human plague than at exposure sites for other cases. The risk of cat-associated human plague is likely to increase as residential development continues in areas where plague foci exist in the western US. Enhanced awareness is needed for prompt diagnosis and treatment.

      Sign-in to see all concepts, it's free!


    Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play

    Copyright © 2023 - KOL means Key Opinion Leaders .

    KOL does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.