Prominent publications by Emil J Balthazar
Appendicitis: the impact of computed tomography imaging on negative appendectomy and perforation rates
[ PUBLICATION ]
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to investigate the use of computed tomography (CT) imaging in patients with suspected acute appendicitis and to evaluate the impact of CT on negative appendectomy and perforation rates. In patients clinically diagnosed of acute appendicitis the reported overall negative appendectomy rate is about 15-20%; 10% in men and 25-45% in women of childbearing age. This is associated with a perforation rate of 21-23%.
METHODS: This is a retrospective ...
|Also Ranks for: Perforation Rate | negative appendectomy | computed tomography | childbearing age | patients acute appendicitis|
Pancreatic abscess has become the most common cause of death from acute pancreatitis. Since computed tomography (CT) permits noninvasive imaging of the peripancreatic anatomy, the relationship of early CT findings to late pancreatic sepsis has been evaluated in 83 patients with acute pancreatitis. Pancreatic abscesses developed in 18 patients and were responsible for five of the six deaths in this study. Initial CT findings were graded: A = normal, in 12 patients; B = pancreatic ...
|Also Ranks for: Pancreatic Abscess | computed tomography | fluid collections | acute pancreatitis | prognostic signs|
[ PUBLICATION ]
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and describe the incidence, pathophysiology, radiographic diagnosis and the initial management of hemorrhagic complications associated with pancreatitis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among 1,910 patients diagnosed of having pancreatitis in the last 10 years, 26 developed hemorrhagic complications (1.3%). These complications were detected from 2 months to 8 years after one or several episodes of pancreatitis with a mean of 2.3 years. Radiographic studies were reviewed and ...
|Also Ranks for: Hemorrhagic Complications | pancreatic necrosis | 5 patients | magnetic resonance | arterial embolization|
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the capability of CT to depict findings that allowed differentiation of small-bowel ischemia from intramural hemorrhage.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Findings of 35 CT examinations (19 patients with small-bowel ischemia and 16 patients with intramural hemorrhage) were analyzed by two abdominal radiologists for the degree of wall thickening, location and length of involvement (short, 30 cm), presence of hemoperitoneum, and pattern of attenuation. Patency and caliber of ...
|Also Ranks for: Intestinal Ischemia | wall thickening | intramural hemorrhage | target sign | contrast media diagnosis|
MDCT of acute mild (nonnecrotizing) pancreatitis: abdominal complications and fate of fluid collections.
[ PUBLICATION ]
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe the occurrence of local complications and the fate of fluid collections in milder forms of acute nonnecrotizing pancreatitis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial MDCT studies of 169 consecutive patients with mild acute pancreatitis and 203 follow-up CT examinations were reviewed. The fate of peripancreatic fluid collections was investigated, and the incidence and type of local complications were recorded and correlated to the CT grading ...
|Also Ranks for: Fluid Collections | local complications | illness tomography | acute mild | follow studies|
[ PUBLICATION ]
BackgroundSurgical correction of hiatal hernia (HH) during bariatric surgery has been found to improve patient outcomes and decrease reoperation rate. Although barium esophagram is more sensitive than endoscopy for detection of HH, accurate preoperative diagnosis remains a challenge. The aim of this study is to determine whether diagnostic accuracy improves by utilizing right anterior oblique (RAO) esophagram technique instead of the commonly used upright technique when comparing to the ...
|Also Ranks for: Hiatal Hernia | bariatric surgery | sensitivity specificity | morbid predictive | male obesity|
Key People For Computed Tomography
Emil J Balthazar:Expert Impact
Concepts for whichEmil J Balthazarhas direct influence:Computed tomography, Acute pancreatitis, Mesenteric adenitis, Intramural hemorrhage, Accordion sign, Portal hypertension, Patients aids, Hiatal hernia.
Emil J Balthazar:KOL impact
Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Emil J Balthazar has influence:Acute pancreatitis, Computed tomography, Small bowel, Pancreatic necrosis, Abdominal pain, Sensitivity specificity, Organ failure.
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