• Disease
  • Liver
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Pierre‐alain Clavien

    Prominent publications by Pierre‐Alain Clavien

    KOL Index score: 19495

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT) and 2-[18-F]-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-PET/CT in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver.

    BACKGROUND: Despite preoperative evaluation with ceCT, the tumor load in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer to the liver is often underestimated. Positron emission tomography (PET) has been used in combination with the ceCT to improve identification of intra- and extrahepatic tumors in these patients. We ...

    Also Ranks for: Metastatic Colorectal Cancer |  pet patients |  cect detection |  sensitivity specificity |  liver resection
    KOL Index score: 17668

    PURPOSE: Iodinated contrast media (CM) and iron in the liver are known to hinder an accurate quantification of liver fat content (LFC) with single-energy computed tomography (SECT). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of dual-energy CT (DECT) for ex vivo quantification of LFC, in the presence of iron and CM, compared with SECT.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen phantoms with a defined LFC of 0%, 10%, 30%, and 50% fat and with varying iron content (0, 1.5, ...

    Also Ranks for: Liver Fat |  sect dect |  dual energy |  iron iodine |  computed tomography
    KOL Index score: 17136

    BACKGROUND: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy induces an unprecedented liver hypertrophy and enables resection of otherwise unresectable liver tumors. The effect of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy on tumor proliferation, however, remains a concern. This study investigated the impact of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy on growth of colorectal metastases in mice ...

    Also Ranks for: Liver Partition |  portal vein ligation |  staged hepatectomy |  colorectal neoplasms |  tumor progression
    KOL Index score: 16840

    OBJECTIVE: To define whether laparoscopic rebanding or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass represents the best approach for failed laparoscopic gastric banding in patients with morbid obesity.

    SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Countless laparoscopic gastric bandings have been implanted during the recent years worldwide. Despite excellent short-term results, long-term failures and complications have been reported in more than 20% of patients. Which rescue procedures should be used remains controversial. ...

    Also Ranks for: Gastric Bypass |  laparoscopic roux |  rescue procedure |  patients morbid obesity |  summary background data
    KOL Index score: 15974

    OBJECTIVE: To define whether laparoscopic gastric banding or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass represents the better approach to treat patients with morbid obesity.

    SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Two techniques, laparoscopic gastric bypass or gastric banding, are currently widely used to treat morbid obesity. Since both procedures offer certain advantages, a strong controversy exists as to which operation should be proposed to these patients. Therefore, data are urgently needed to identify ...

    Also Ranks for: Gastric Banding |  morbid obesity |  bypass laparoscopic |  postoperative complications |  weight loss reduction
    KOL Index score: 15364

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ischemic preconditioning protects the human liver against a subsequent period of ischemia in patients undergoing hemihepatectomy, and to identify possible underlying protective mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning, such as inhibition of hepatocellular apoptosis.

    SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Ischemic preconditioning is a short period of ischemia followed by a brief period of reperfusion before a sustained ischemic insult. Recent studies in rodents suggest ...

    Also Ranks for: Ischemic Preconditioning |  inflow occlusion |  protective effects |  ischemia patients |  liver resection
    KOL Index score: 15066

    BackgroundPortal vein occlusion to increase the size of the future liver remnant (FLR) is well established, using portal vein ligation (PVL) or embolization (PVE) followed by resection 4–8 weeks later. Associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) combines PVL and complete parenchymal transection, followed by hepatectomy within 1–2 weeks. ALPPS has been recently introduced but remains controversial. We compare the ability of ALPPS versus PVE or PVL ...

    Also Ranks for: Complete Resection |  patients alpps |  multicenter analysis |  liver tumors |  tumor recurrence
    KOL Index score: 14494

    OBJECTIVES: In the international associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy registry, more than 50% of patients underwent associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy with a right hepatectomy. This study evaluated the necessity of two-stage hepatectomies being performed as right hepatectomy associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy in patients with colorectal liver metastases versus right ...

    Also Ranks for: Liver Partition |  staged hepatectomy |  portal vein ligation |  international alpps registry |  colorectal neoplasms
    KOL Index score: 14292

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver transplantation is known for potentially worse outcomes because of higher rates of graft non-function or irreversible cholangiopathy. The impact of machine liver perfusion techniques on these complications remains elusive. We aimed to provide data on 5-year outcomes in patients receiving DCD liver transplants, after donor organs had been treated by hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE).

    METHODS: Fifty HOPE-treated DCD ...

    Also Ranks for: Dcd Liver |  graft loss |  oxygenated perfusion |  cold storage |  donor organs
    KOL Index score: 14253

    BACKGROUND: Ischemic injury of the liver is generally considered to result in necrosis, but it has recently been recognized that mediators of apoptosis are activated during ischemia/reperfusion. This study was designed to characterize the extent and the type of cells within the liver that undergo apoptosis at different periods of ischemia and reperfusion.

    METHODS: Male Wistar rats were subjected to 30 or 60 min of normothermic ischemia. Liver sections were evaluated at the end of ...

    Also Ranks for: Endothelial Cell |  apoptosis reperfusion |  ischemia liver |  electron microscopy |  ischemic injury
    KOL Index score: 13702

    Sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) apoptosis is the hallmark of early reperfusion injury in liver transplantation. Platelet sequestration occurs after transplantation and causes SEC apoptosis. Leukocytes also adhere to the liver upon reperfusion. Their role and interaction with platelets in inducing SEC apoptosis are unknown. Kupffer cells possibly interact with circulating cells; therefore, they could be involved in inducing SEC apoptosis. We tested the hypothesis that platelets and ...

    Also Ranks for: Leukocytes Platelets |  kupffer cell |  apoptosis reperfusion |  rat liver |  gadolinium chloride
    KOL Index score: 13672

    Patients with pancreatic cancer continue to have a poor prognosis, with a 5-y survival rate of less than 5%. Surgery is the only treatment that offers a potential cure. Determining resectability is the principal goal of staging in pancreatic cancer patients. Our objective was to evaluate the value of combined contrast-enhanced (18)F-FDG PET/CT in assessing the resectability of pancreatic cancer and to compare enhanced PET/CT with the performance of PET alone and unenhanced ...

    Also Ranks for: Pancreatic Cancer |  enhanced pet |  sensitivity specificity |  distant metastases |  shop imaging
    KOL Index score: 13629

    OBJECTIVE: To compare protection of the liver by ischemic preconditioning and intermittent inflow occlusion in a mouse model of prolonged periods of ischemia.

    SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Preconditioning (short ischemic stress prior to a prolonged period of ischemia) and intermittent inflow occlusion protect the liver against reperfusion injury. This is the first study comparing these two modalities with continuous inflow occlusion (control).

    METHODS: Mice were subjected to 75 or 120 minutes ...

    Also Ranks for: Ischemic Preconditioning |  intermittent clamping |  murine liver |  continuous ischemia |  120 minutes
    KOL Index score: 13606

    PURPOSE: The authors' goal was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) for identifying patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer and the accuracy of PET for determining the number and distribution of lesions within the liver. Intraoperative sonography and surgical inspection and palpation were used as the reference standard.

    METHODS: Twenty-three patients being evaluated for surgical resection of ...

    Also Ranks for: Colorectal Cancer |  hepatic metastases |  emission tomography |  pet patients |  curative resection
    KOL Index score: 13566

    OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the impact of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) on the management of presumed resectable pancreatic cancer and to assess the cost of this new staging procedure.

    SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: PET using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is increasingly used for the staging of pancreatic cancer, but anatomic information is limited. Integrated PET/CT enables optimal anatomic delineation of PET findings and identification of FDG-negative lesions ...

    Also Ranks for: Pancreatic Cancer |  emission tomography |  pet management |  preoperative staging |  prospective database


    Pierre‐Alain Clavien: Influence Statistics

    Sample of concepts for which Pierre‐Alain Clavien is among the top experts in the world.
    Concept World rank
    septic abdomen treatment #1
    preservation solution livers #1
    5mm ligasure #1
    major tissue loss #1
    brown norway olt #1
    steatotic patients #1
    unresectable lesions chemotherapy #1
    venous mesenteric ischaemia #1
    pve pvl alpps #1
    platelet‐derived serotonin #1
    serotonin cell lines #1
    complications crs hipec #1
    splc qol #1
    rejected studies annals #1
    cold‐preserved liver #1
    median survival css #1
    splcgroup #1
    occluded liver recanalization #1
    major relief #1
    low‐meld liver transplantation #1
    itpp hypoxic response #1
    seldinger technique placement #1
    surgical procedures tests #1
    liver regeneration chemotherapy #1
    arf prediction model #1
    vni measurements #1
    intermittent portal #1
    oncological benefit #1
    stay ρ #1
    abdominal vacuum #1
    technique abdominal closure #1
    nutritional risk 15 #1
    tsh cfi #1
    type early complications #1
    donors heartbeat #1
    gastrointestinal surgery malnutrition #1
    splc female follow #1
    cell proliferation embolization #1
    inflow occlusion sevoflurane #1
    hepatic regeneration day #1
    pa diverting ileostomy #1
    mortality rate pancreatoduodenectomy #1
    minutes liver #1
    human transplantation transplantation #1
    systemic protection protection #1
    livers hemochromatosis phenotype #1
    md longterm #1
    lfc measurements #1
    prolonged ischemia inhibition #1

    Key People For Liver Transplantation

    Top KOLs in the world
    Ronald W Busuttil
    liver transplantation reperfusion injury hepatocellular carcinoma
    Tliomas E Starzl
    liver transplantation fk 506 bone marrow
    Russell H Wiesner
    liver transplantation primary sclerosing cholangitis ulcerative colitis
    John J Fung
    liver transplantation fk 506 bone marrow
    Neuhaus NEUHAUS
    liver transplantation hepatocellular carcinoma acute rejection
    Williams Williams
    liver transplantation fulminant hepatic failure hepatocellular carcinoma

    Pierre‐Alain Clavien:Expert Impact

    Concepts for whichPierre‐Alain Clavienhas direct influence:Liver transplantation,  Liver regeneration,  Ischemic preconditioning,  Postoperative complications,  Liver surgery,  Hepatocellular carcinoma,  Portal vein,  Liver metastases.

    Pierre‐Alain Clavien:KOL impact

    Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Pierre‐Alain Clavien has influence:Liver transplantation,  Postoperative complications,  Hepatocellular carcinoma,  Gastric cancer,  Elderly patients,  Reperfusion injury,  Retrospective studies.



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    Department of Surgery and Transplantation, Swiss Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary (HPB) and Transplant Center, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland | Wyss Zurich Translational Center, ETH Zurich and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland | Depa