• Disease
  • Lycaenid
  • Lycaenid Butterflies
  • Naomi E Pierce

    Prominent publications by NAOMI E PIERCE

    KOL Index score: 14553

    Abstract Two alternative hypotheses for the origin of butterflies in the Australian Region, that elements dispersed relatively recently from the Oriental Region into Australia (northern dispersal hypothesis) or descended from ancient stocks in Gondwana (southern vicariance hypothesis), were tested using methods of cladistic vicariance biogeography for the Delias group, a diverse and widespread clade in the Indo-Australian Region. A phylogenetic hypothesis of the twenty-four ...

    Also Ranks for: Australian Region |  new guinea |  phylogenetic hypothesis |  delias hübner |  molecular characters
    KOL Index score: 11666

    The larvae and pupae of the Australian lycaenid butterfly, Jalmenus evagoras associate mutualistically with ants in the genus Iridomyrmex. Four ant exclusion experiments in three field sites demonstrated that predation and parasitism of J. evagoras are so intense that individuals deprived of their attendant ants are unlikely to survive. Larvae and pupae of J. evagoras aggregate, and the mean number of attendant ants per individual increases with larval age and decreases with group size. ...

    Also Ranks for: Attendant Ants |  jalmenus evagoras |  larvae pupae |  costs benefits |  australian lycaenid
    KOL Index score: 11099

    The systematic relationships of the butterfly family Pieridae are poorly understood. Much of our current understanding is based primarily on detailed morphological observations made 50–70 years ago. However, the family and its putative four subfamilies and two tribes, have rarely been subjected to rigorous phylogenetic analysis. Here we present results based on an analysis of molecular characters used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the Pieridae in order to infer higher-level ...

    Also Ranks for: Molecular Phylogeny |  higher classification |  subfamilies tribes |  linnean society |  butterfly pieridae
    KOL Index score: 10341

    Butterflies in the large Palearctic genus Agrodiaetus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) are extremely uniform and exhibit few distinguishing morphological characters. However, these insects are distinctive in one respect: as a group they possess among the greatest interspecific karyotype diversity in the animal kingdom, with chromosome numbers (n) ranging from 10 to 125. The monophyly of Agrodiaetus and its systematic position relative to other groups within the section Polyommatus have been ...

    Also Ranks for: Mitochondrial Evolution |  agrodiaetus hübner |  lepidoptera lycaenidae |  chromosome numbers |  analysis dna
    KOL Index score: 10229

    Plant-associated soil microbes are important mediators of plant defence responses to diverse above-ground pathogen and insect challengers. For example, closely related strains of beneficial rhizosphere Pseudomonas spp. can induce systemic resistance (ISR), systemic susceptibility (ISS) or neither against the bacterial foliar pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (Pto DC3000). Using a model system composed of root-associated Pseudomonas spp. strains, the foliar pathogen Pto ...

    Also Ranks for: Systemic Resistance |  bacterial pathogens |  iss isr |  rhizosphere pseudomonas |  foliar pathogen
    KOL Index score: 10123

    Stingless bees (Meliponini) constitute a diverse group of highly eusocial insects that occur throughout tropical regions around the world. The meliponine genus Melipona is restricted to the New World tropics and has over 50 described species. Melipona, like Apis, possesses the remarkable ability to use representational communication to indicate the location of foraging patches. Although Melipona has been the subject of numerous behavioral, ecological, and genetic studies, the ...

    Also Ranks for: Genus Melipona |  stingless bee |  mitochondrial evolution |  molecular phylogeny |  sequence analysis
    KOL Index score: 9803

    The Australian fauna is composed of several major biogeographical elements reflecting different spatial and temporal histories. Two groups of particular interest are the Gondwanan Element, reflecting an ancient origin in Gondwana or southern Gondwana (southern vicariance hypothesis), and the Asian Element, reflecting a more recent origin in Asia, Eurasia or Laurasia (northern dispersal hypothesis). Theories regarding the origin and evolution of butterflies (Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea) ...

    Also Ranks for: Australian Butterflies |  subtribe aporiina |  linnean society |  southern gondwana |  historical biogeography
    KOL Index score: 9588

    Phylogenetic relationships among major clades of butterflies and skippers have long been controversial, with no general consensus even today. Such lack of resolution is a substantial impediment to using the otherwise well studied butterflies as a model group in biology. Here we report the results of a combined analysis of DNA sequences from three genes and a morphological data matrix for 57 taxa (3258 characters, 1290 parsimony informative) representing all major lineages from the three ...

    Also Ranks for: Molecular Data |  butterflies skippers |  combined analysis |  strong support |  phylogenetic relationships
    KOL Index score: 9220

    Ants are a dominant feature of terrestrial ecosystems, yet we know little about the forces that drive their evolution. Recent findings illustrate that their diets range from herbivorous to predaceous, with "herbivores" feeding primarily on exudates from plants and sap-feeding insects. Persistence on these nitrogen-poor food sources raises the question of how ants obtain sufficient nutrition. To investigate the potential role of symbiotic microbes, we have surveyed 283 species from 18 of ...

    Also Ranks for: Bacteria Ants |  gut symbionts |  symbiotic microbes |  evolution herbivory |  terrestrial ecosystems
    KOL Index score: 9149

    The honeybee (Apis mellifera) visual system contains three classes of retinal photoreceptor cells that are maximally sensitive to light at 440 nm (blue), 350 nm (ultraviolet), and 540 nm (green). We performed a PCR-based screen to identify the genes encoding the Apis blue- and ultraviolet (UV)-sensitive opsins. We obtained cDNAs that encode proteins having a high degree of sequence and structural similarity to other invertebrate and vertebrate visual pigments. The Apis blue opsin cDNA ...

    Also Ranks for: Physiological Characterization |  sensitive opsins |  visual pigments |  uv opsin |  apis mellifera
    KOL Index score: 9053

    Summary(1) Females of the myrmecophilous lycaenid butterfly, Jalmenus evagoras are far more likely to lay eggs on plants that contain their attendant ants, Iridomyrmex sp. 25 than on plants without ants, although the clutch sizes of individual egg masses laid in either situation is the same. (2) Ovipositing females respond to the presence or absence of ants before they alight on a potential food plant. Once they have landed, they are equally likely to ley eggs whether or not they ...

    Also Ranks for: Jalmenus Evagoras |  plants ants |  myrmecophilous lycaenid |  host plant selection |  ovipositing females
    KOL Index score: 9002

    Silks are highly expressed, secreted proteins that represent a substantial metabolic cost to the insects and spiders that produce them. Female spiders in the superfamily Araneoidea (the orb-spinning spiders and their close relatives) spin six different kinds of silk (three fibroins and three fibrous protein glues) that differ in amino acid content and protein structure. In addition to this diversity in silks produced by different glands, we found that individual spiders of the same ...

    Also Ranks for: Silk Proteins |  prey spiders |  amino acid content |  protein structure |  acids animals
    KOL Index score: 8989

    Plants have evolved different but interconnected strategies to defend themselves against herbivorous insects and microbial pathogens. We used an Arabidopsis/Pseudomonas syringae pathosystem to investigate the impact of pathogen-induced defense responses on cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni) larval feeding. Arabidopsis mutants [npr1, pad4, eds5, and sid2(eds16)] or transgenic plants (nahG) that are more susceptible to microbial pathogens and are compromised in salicylic acid (SA)-dependent ...

    Also Ranks for: Microbial Pathogens |  wildtype plants |  arabidopsis resistance |  salicylic acid |  avirulent strains
    KOL Index score: 8623

    Herbivorous insects are among the most successful radiations of life. However, we know little about the processes underpinning the evolution of herbivory. We examined the evolution of herbivory in the fly, Scaptomyza flava, whose larvae are leaf miners on species of Brassicaceae, including the widely studied reference plant, Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis). Scaptomyza flava is phylogenetically nested within the paraphyletic genus Drosophila, and the whole genome sequences available ...

    Also Ranks for: Evolution Herbivory |  scaptomyza flava |  genes involved |  herbivorous insects |  arabidopsis thaliana


    NAOMI E PIERCE: Influence Statistics

    Sample of concepts for which NAOMI E PIERCE is among the top experts in the world.
    Concept World rank
    molecular karyotyping models #1
    arhopala japonica #1
    subtribe aporiina #1
    interactions barcoding #1
    samples remaining loci #1
    leuciacria australian plate #1
    19 outgroups #1
    captivated naturalists #1
    resisting attack #1
    butterflies caterpillars #1
    samples himalayan region #1
    –maculinea #1
    pupal calls #1
    phylogeny consistent #1
    model myrmecophile #1
    lycaenidae animals #1
    pored sockets #1
    cephalotes host #1
    lowland protoamazonia #1
    agrodiaetus agrodiaetus violetae #1
    butterflies mountainous #1
    evolution homeostatic fortresses #1
    based classification hypotheses #1
    macaranga published #1
    406 representatives #1
    ant behaviour domatia #1
    macaranga phylogeny #1
    png acutiventris #1
    domatia communities #1
    specialized leg pockets #1
    corydonius taxa #1
    flight patterns butterflies #1
    evagoras model #1
    barcoding incertae #1
    bornean cradle #1
    acutiventris #1
    kenyan sampling locations #1
    amphimuta #1
    delias gondwana #1
    historical habitat fragmentation #1
    178 riodinid taxa #1
    hemiptera sequence analysis #1
    32 mya #1
    army ants findings #1
    chrysoritis butterflies #1
    substantial hidden support #1
    tribe eumaeini #1
    criteria genera #1
    taxa incertae sedis #1

    Key People For Lycaenid Butterflies

    Top KOLs in the world
    lycaenid butterflies ant species jalmenus evagoras
    Konrad Fiedler
    geometrid moths species richness southern ecuador
    imaginal ecdysis turnip moth zimbabwean population
    Jeremy Ambler THOMAS†
    maculinea rebeli myrmica ants ant nests
    Mark Adrian Elgar
    sexual cannibalism body size fertilization success
    David J Lohman
    indian ocean local people baorini skippers

    NAOMI E PIERCE:Expert Impact

    Concepts for whichNAOMI E PIERCEhas direct influence:Lycaenid butterflies,  Jalmenus evagoras,  Phenotypic plasticity,  Erwinia tracheiphila,  Pseudomonas syringae,  Attendant ants,  Ant species,  Higher classification.


    Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which NAOMI E PIERCE has influence:Gut microbiota,  Bacterial communities,  Host plant,  Ant species,  Social insects,  Amino acids,  Phylogenetic relationships.



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    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA | Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachu