Prominent publications by Ronald C Kessler

KOL Index score: 21938

IMPORTANCE: The rate of suicide attempts in the US Army increased sharply during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Research on this important health outcome has been hampered by the lack of integration among Army administrative data systems.

OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for suicide attempts among active-duty members of the regular Army from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This longitudinal, retrospective cohort study, as part of the ...

Known for Suicide Attempts |  Enlisted Soldiers |  Army Service |  Officers Rate |  Previous Month
KOL Index score: 20566

IMPORTANCE: Suicide attempts in the US Army have risen in the past decade. Understanding the association between suicide attempts and deployment, as well as method and timing of suicide attempts, can assist in developing interventions.

OBJECTIVE: To examine suicide attempt risk factors, methods, and timing among soldiers currently deployed, previously deployed, and never deployed at the time this study was conducted.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This longitudinal, retrospective ...

Known for Suicide Attempts |  Army Soldiers |  Mental Health |  Return Deployment |  Depressive Disorder
KOL Index score: 19917

BACKGROUND: Although prior family and twin studies have examined the relationship between the genetic and environmental risk factors for pairs of psychiatric disorders, the interrelationship between these classes of risk factors for a broad range of psychiatric disorders remains largely unknown.

METHODS: An epidemiologic sample of 1030 female-female twin pairs with known zygosity, ascertained from the Virginia Twin Registry, were evaluated by a personal interview conducted by mental ...

Known for Psychiatric Disorders |  Major Depression |  Generalized Anxiety Disorder |  Environmental Risk |  Genetic Factors
KOL Index score: 19147

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide. Mental disorders are among the strongest predictors of suicide; however, little is known about which disorders are uniquely predictive of suicidal behavior, the extent to which disorders predict suicide attempts beyond their association with suicidal thoughts, and whether these associations are similar across developed and developing countries. This study was designed to test each of these questions with a focus on nonfatal ...

Known for Mental Disorders |  Suicidal Behavior |  Health Surveys |  Impulse Control |  Age Onset
KOL Index score: 19129

CONTEXT: Studies have demonstrated strong associations between the prone sleep position (on the stomach) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that infants be placed to sleep laterally (on their side) or supine (on their back) to reduce SIDS risk, and in 1994, the national public education campaign "Back to Sleep" was launched.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the typical sleep position of infants younger than 8 months in the United ...

Known for United States |  Infant Sleep |  Prone Position |  Sids Risk |  Supine Placement
KOL Index score: 19068

IMPORTANCE: The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multicomponent study designed to generate actionable recommendations to reduce Army suicides and increase knowledge of risk and resilience factors for suicidality.

OBJECTIVES: To present data on prevalence, trends, and basic sociodemographic and Army experience correlates of suicides and accident deaths among active duty Regular Army soldiers between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2009, and ...

Known for Army Study |  Accident Death |  Risk Resilience |  Predictors Suicide |  Deployed Soldiers
KOL Index score: 18925

IMPORTANCE/OBJECTIVE: Although the suicide rate in the U.S. Army has traditionally been below age-gender matched civilian rates, it has climbed steadily since the beginning of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts and since 2008 has exceeded the demographically matched civilian rate. The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) is a multicomponent epidemiological and neurobiological study designed to generate actionable evidence-based recommendations to ...

Known for Army Starrs |  Risk Resilience |  Suicidal Behaviors |  Attempted Surveys |  Component Studies
KOL Index score: 18318

CONTEXT: An understudied crucial step in the help-seeking process is making prompt initial contact with a treatment provider after first onset of a mental disorder.

OBJECTIVE: To provide data on patterns and predictors of failure and delay in making initial treatment contact after first onset of a mental disorder in the United States from the recently completed National Comorbidity Survey Replication.

DESIGN AND SETTING: Nationally representative face-to-face household survey carried out ...

Known for Treatment Contact |  Comorbidity Survey |  Onset Mental Disorders |  United States |  Failure Delay
KOL Index score: 17549

IMPORTANCE: Although high rates of current mental disorder are known to exist in the US Army, little is known about the proportions of these disorders that had onsets prior to enlistment.

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportions of 30-day DSM-IV mental disorders among nondeployed US Army personnel with first onsets prior to enlistment and the extent which role impairments associated with 30-day disorders differ depending on whether the disorders had pre- vs post-enlistment onsets.


Known for Mental Disorders |  Army Study |  Age Onset |  Risk Resilience |  Severe Role Impairment
KOL Index score: 17517

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to estimate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence, severity and treatment of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM-IV) mental disorders in Japan based on the final data set of the World Mental Health Japan Survey conducted in 2002-2006.

METHODS: Face-to-face household interviews of 4130 respondents who were randomly selected from Japanese-speaking residents aged 20 years or older were conducted from 2002 to 2006 in ...

Known for Mental Disorders |  Health Japan |  Month Prevalence |  Lifetime 12 |  Depressive Disorder
KOL Index score: 17125

CONTEXT: Although significant associations of childhood adversities (CAs) with adult mental disorders have been widely documented, associations of CAs with onset and persistence of disorders have not been distinguished. This distinction is important for conceptual and practical purposes.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the multivariate associations of 12 retrospectively reported CAs with persistence of adult DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional ...

Known for Childhood Adversities |  Associations Cas |  Onset Persistence |  United States |  Adult Psychiatric Disorders
KOL Index score: 16970

BACKGROUND: Although much is known about risk factors for the initiation of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence, few population-based studies have examined the predictors of transitions across these stages.

AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the sociodemographic predictors of transitions across 6 stages of alcohol use in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, a nationally representative household survey of the US population.

METHODS: A lifetime history of alcohol use, regular ...

Known for Abuse Dependence |  Stages Alcohol |  Sociodemographic Predictors |  Comorbidity Survey |  Early Age
KOL Index score: 16655

BACKGROUND: Recent research in the United States has demonstrated striking health disparities across ethnic groups. Despite a longstanding interest in ethnic disadvantage in psychiatric epidemiology, patterns of psychiatric morbidity across ethnic groups have never been examined in a nationally representative sample.

METHOD: Ethnic differences in psychiatric morbidity are analyzed using data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS). The three largest ethnic groups in the United ...

Known for Ethnic Groups |  United States |  Lifetime Risk |  Psychiatric Disorder |  Nonhispanic Blacks
KOL Index score: 16501

BACKGROUND: This study presents estimates of lifetime and 12-month prevalence of 14 DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders from the National Comorbidity Survey, the first survey to administer a structured psychiatric interview to a national probability sample in the United States.

METHODS: The DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders among persons aged 15 to 54 years in the noninstitutionalized civilian population of the United States were assessed with data collected by lay interviewers using a revised ...

Known for United States |  Psychiatric Disorders |  National Comorbidity Survey |  Month Prevalence |  Lifetime Disorder


Ronald C Kessler: Influence Statistics

Sample of concepts for which Ronald C Kessler is among the top experts in the world.
Concept World rank
services prevalence #1
245225 #1
subsequent suicidal #1
lifetime dsmiv anxiety #1
risk factors gad #1
attempt aor #1
normative sequence #1
service soldiers #1
240 panic #1
partial disability #1
army soldiers deployment #1
eeathat #1
adolescents lifetime pte #1
depression severity comorbidities #1
adequate pharmacotherapy psychotherapy #1
increasing intentions #1
clinical calibration #1
major depression 1ypmd #1
treatment preexisting cases #1
belgische #1
effects psychiatric disorders #1
association responsibility #1
nativity latinos #1
human services sector #1
gmv fps #1
patients strong preferences #1
members persons #1
associations disorder #1
mental disorders fear #1
correlates gad #1
predicted values outcomes #1
cohesion deployment #1
composite international #1
subsequent onset pes #1
nicotine dependence onset #1
psychiatric disorders marriage #1
pure gad #1
college baseline #1
mental healthcare utilisation #1
service sectors #1
pcs posttraumatic stress #1
994996 #1
shanghai arthritis #1
suicide total #1
sros onset #1
role comorbidity #1
studicare university students #1
gad evidence #1
“broad” approaches #1
ptsd events #1

Key People For Mental Disorders

Top KOLs in the world
Ronald C Kessler
mental disorders united states major depression
HansUlrich Wittchen Wittchen
mental disorders panic disorder social phobia
Kathleen Ries Merikangas
anxiety disorders bipolar disorder major depression
Tevik Bedirhan ÜSTÜN
mental disorders international classification health organization
Kenneth Seedman Kendler
major depression dizygotic twins alcohol dependence
Giovanni de Girolamo
mental disorders health surveys residential facilities

Ronald C Kessler:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichRonald C Kesslerhas direct influence:Mental disorders,  Mental health,  United states,  Major depression,  Anxiety disorders,  National comorbidity survey,  Psychiatric disorders,  Health surveys.

Ronald C Kessler:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Ronald C Kessler has influence:Mental health,  Depressive symptoms,  Bipolar disorder,  Psychological distress,  Suicidal ideation,  Social support,  Major depression.



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Division of Depression and Anxiety Disorders (Lebois, Harnett, Ravichandran, Dumornay, Finegold, Merker, Pizzagalli, Ressler), Institute for Technology in Psychiatry (Germine, Rauch), and Department of Psychiatry (Rauch), McLean Hospital, Belmont, Ma

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