Prominent publications by Liane Lee Young

KOL Index score: 9194

High-functioning autism (ASD) is characterized by real-life difficulties in social interaction; however, these individuals often succeed on laboratory tests that require an understanding of another person's beliefs and intentions. This paradox suggests a theory of mind (ToM) deficit in adults with ASD that has yet to be demonstrated in an experimental task eliciting ToM judgments. We tested whether ASD adults would show atypical moral judgments when they need to consider both the ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgment |  impaired theory |  accidental harms |  asd participants |  functioning autism
KOL Index score: 8956

When we judge an action as morally right or wrong, we rely on our capacity to infer the actor's mental states (e.g., beliefs, intentions). Here, we test the hypothesis that the right temporoparietal junction (RTPJ), an area involved in mental state reasoning, is necessary for making moral judgments. In two experiments, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to disrupt neural activity in the RTPJ transiently before moral judgment (experiment 1, offline stimulation) and during ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgment |  transcranial magnetic |  attempted harms |  temporoparietal junction |  mental states
KOL Index score: 8856

How do people consider other minds during cooperation versus competition? Some accounts predict that theory of mind (ToM) is recruited more for cooperation versus competition or competition versus cooperation, whereas other accounts predict similar recruitment across these two contexts. The present fMRI study examined activity in brain regions for ToM (bilateral temporoparietal junction, precuneus, dorsomedial prefrontal cortex) across cooperative and competitive interactions with the ...

Also Ranks for: Social Cognition |  cooperation competition |  mental states |  brain regions |  people minds
KOL Index score: 8847

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have demonstrated a critical role for a cortical region in the right temporo-parietal junction (RTPJ) in "theory of mind" (ToM), or mental state reasoning. In other research, the RTPJ has been implicated in the deployment of attention to an unexpected stimulus. One hypothesis ("attention hypothesis") is that patterns of RTPJ activation in ToM tasks can be fully explained by appeal to attention: stimuli that apparently manipulate ...

Also Ranks for: Theory Mind |  parietal junction |  functional regions |  rtpj ltpj |  attention brain
KOL Index score: 8505

Extending prior research on belief attributions, we investigated the extent to which 5- to 8-year-olds and adults distinguish their beliefs and other humans' beliefs from God's beliefs. In Study 1, children reported that all agents held the same beliefs, whereas adults drew greater distinctions among agents. For example, adults reported that God was less likely than humans to view behaviors as morally acceptable. Study 2 additionally investigated attributions of beliefs about ...

Also Ranks for: Children Adults |  god beliefs |  theory mind |  study 1 |  social perception
KOL Index score: 8405

Human moral judgment depends critically on "theory of mind," the capacity to represent the mental states of agents. Recent studies suggest that the right TPJ (RTPJ) and, to lesser extent, the left TPJ (LTPJ), the precuneus (PC), and the medial pFC (MPFC) are robustly recruited when participants read explicit statements of an agent's beliefs and then judge the moral status of the agent's action. Real-world interactions, by contrast, often require social partners to infer each other's ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgment |  fmri investigation |  mental state |  theory mind |  rtpj ltpj
KOL Index score: 8382

We conducted preregistered replications of 28 classic and contemporary published findings, with protocols that were peer reviewed in advance, to examine variation in effect magnitudes across samples and settings. Each protocol was administered to approximately half of 125 samples that comprised 15,305 participants from 36 countries and territories. Using the conventional criterion of statistical significance ( p < .05), we found that 15 (54%) of the replications provided evidence of a ...

Also Ranks for: Samples Settings |  original findings |  replications evidence |  statistical significance |  labs 2
KOL Index score: 8378

Intentional harms are typically judged to be morally worse than accidental harms. Distinguishing between intentional harms and accidents depends on the capacity for mental state reasoning (i.e., reasoning about beliefs and intentions), which is supported by a group of brain regions including the right temporo-parietal junction (RTPJ). Prior research has found that interfering with activity in RTPJ can impair mental state reasoning for moral judgment and that high-functioning individuals ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgments |  neural representations |  accidental harms |  autism spectrum disorders |  mental state reasoning
KOL Index score: 8200

Moral judgment in the mature state depends on "theory of mind", or the capacity to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, and intentions) to moral agents. The current study uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the cognitive processes for belief attribution in moral judgment. Participants read vignettes in a 2x2x2 design: protagonists produced either a negative or neutral outcome, based on the belief that they were causing the negative outcome or the ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgment |  neural basis |  neutral outcome |  mental states |  cognitive processes
KOL Index score: 7888

Is moral judgment accomplished by intuition or conscious reasoning? An answer demands a detailed account of the moral principles in question. We investigated three principles that guide moral judgments: (a) Harm caused by action is worse than harm caused by omission, (b) harm intended as the means to a goal is worse than harm foreseen as the side effect of a goal, and (c) harm involving physical contact with the victim is worse than harm involving no physical contact. Asking whether ...

Also Ranks for: Conscious Reasoning |  moral judgment |  physical contact |  psychology social |  publication adult analysis
KOL Index score: 7837

Is the basis of criminality an act that causes harm, or an act undertaken with the belief that one will cause harm? The present study takes a cognitive neuroscience approach to investigating how information about an agent's beliefs and an action's consequences contribute to moral judgment. We build on prior developmental evidence showing that these factors contribute differentially to the young child's moral judgments coupled with neurobiological evidence suggesting a role for the right ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgment |  neural basis |  belief harm |  negative outcome |  neurobiological evidence
KOL Index score: 7729

Moral violations are typically defined as actions that harm others. However, suicide is considered immoral even though the perpetrator is also the victim. To determine whether concerns about purity rather than harm predict moral condemnation of suicide, we presented American adults with obituaries describing suicide or homicide victims. While harm was the only variable predicting moral judgments of homicide, perceived harm (toward others, the self, or God) did not significantly account ...

Also Ranks for: Moral Judgments |  purity concerns |  perceived harm |  humans judgment |  suicide homicide
KOL Index score: 7646

Mind perception entails ascribing mental capacities to other entities, whereas moral judgment entails labeling entities as good or bad or actions as right or wrong. We suggest that mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. In particular, we suggest that moral judgment is rooted in a cognitive template of two perceived minds-a moral dyad of an intentional agent and a suffering moral patient. Diverse lines of research support dyadic morality. First, perceptions of mind are linked ...

Also Ranks for: Mind Perception |  moral judgment |  agency experience |  mental capacities |  dyadic completion
KOL Index score: 7274

Theory of mind, or mental state reasoning, may be particularly useful for making sense of unexpected events. Here, we investigated unexpected behavior across both social and non-social contexts in order to characterize the precise role of theory of mind in processing unexpected events. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine how people respond to unexpected outcomes when initial expectations were based on (i) an object's prior behavior, (ii) an agent's prior behavior and ...

Also Ranks for: Unexpected Events |  theory mind |  brain regions |  greater activity |  temporoparietal junction
KOL Index score: 7111

Whistleblowing – reporting another person's unethical behavior to a third party – often constitutes a conflict between competing moral concerns. Whistleblowing promotes justice and fairness but can also appear disloyal. Five studies demonstrate that a fairness–loyalty tradeoff predicts people's willingness to blow the whistle. Study 1 demonstrates that individual differences in valuing fairness over loyalty predict willingness to report unethical behavior. Studies 2a and 2b demonstrate ...

Also Ranks for: Unethical Behavior |  fairness loyalty |  individual differences |  whistle study |  peoples willingness

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Liane Lee Young:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichLiane Lee Younghas direct influence:Moral judgment,  Moral judgments,  Moral beliefs,  Moral concerns,  Moral violations,  Accidental harms,  Children adults,  Whistleblowing decisions.

Liane Lee Young:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Liane Lee Young has influence:Moral judgment,  Social cognition,  Prefrontal cortex,  Individual differences,  Neural correlates,  Theory mind,  Mental states.



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