• Disease
  • Burkina
  • Burkina Faso
  • Simon Nicholas Cousens
  • Simon Nicholas Cousens

    Simon Nicholas Cousens


    Prominent publications by Simon Nicholas Cousens

    KOL Index score: 23154

    BACKGROUND: WHO recommends hospital-based treatment for young infants aged 0-59 days with clinical signs of possible serious bacterial infection, but most families in resource-poor settings cannot accept referral. We aimed to assess whether use of simplified antibiotic regimens to treat young infants with clinical signs of severe infection was as efficacious as an injectable procaine benzylpenicillin-gentamicin combination for 7 days for situations in which hospital referral was not ...

    Also Ranks for: Young Infants |  clinical signs |  simplified antibiotic regimens |  bacterial infection |  oral amoxicillin 7
    KOL Index score: 20834

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that in areas of seasonal malaria transmission, intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in children (IPTc), targeting the transmission season, reduces the incidence of clinical malaria. However, these studies were conducted in communities with low coverage with insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Whether IPTc provides additional protection to children sleeping under an ITN has not been established.

    METHODS AND FINDINGS: To assess whether IPTc ...

    Also Ranks for: Children Iptc |  substantial protection |  prevalence malaria |  intervention period |  control arm
    KOL Index score: 20352

    BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in children (IPTc) is a promising new approach to the control of malaria in areas of seasonal malaria transmission but it is not known if IPTc adds to the protection provided by an insecticide-treated net (ITN).

    METHODS AND FINDINGS: An individually randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of seasonal IPTc was conducted in Burkina Faso in children aged 3 to 59 months who were provided with a long-lasting ...

    Also Ranks for: Burkina Faso |  malaria children |  substantial protection |  intervention period |  control arm
    KOL Index score: 19981

    Objectives To estimate small for gestational age birth prevalence and attributable neonatal mortality in low and middle income countries with the INTERGROWTH-21st birth weight standard.Design Secondary analysis of data from the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG), including 14 birth cohorts with gestational age, birth weight, and neonatal follow-up. Small for gestational age was defined as infants weighing less than the 10th centile birth weight for gestational age and sex ...

    Also Ranks for: Gestational Age |  income countries |  neonatal deaths |  born small |  low birth
    KOL Index score: 19024

    BACKGROUND: Severe infections remain one of the main causes of neonatal deaths worldwide. Possible severe infection is diagnosed in young infants (aged 0-59 days) according to the presence of one or more clinical signs. The recommended treatment is hospital admission with 7-10 days of injectable antibiotic therapy. In low-income and middle-income countries, barriers to hospital care lead to delayed, inadequate, or no treatment for many young infants. We aimed to identify effective ...

    Also Ranks for: Outpatient Treatment |  young infants |  severe infection |  antibiotic regimens |  equivalence trial
    KOL Index score: 18727

    BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the second largest direct cause of child deaths in children younger than 5 years. Yet, data regarding preterm birth (<37 completed weeks of gestation) are not routinely collected by UN agencies, and no systematic country estimates nor time trend analyses have been done. We report worldwide, regional, and national estimates of preterm birth rates for 184 countries in 2010 with time trends for selected countries, and provide a quantitative assessment of the ...

    Also Ranks for: Preterm Birth Rates |  time trends |  worldwide estimates |  systematic analysis |  selected countries
    KOL Index score: 18081

    BACKGROUND: Powders containing iron and other micronutrients are recommended as a strategy to prevent nutritional anaemia and other micronutrient deficiencies in children. We assessed the effects of provision of two micronutrient powder formulations, with or without zinc, to children in Pakistan.

    METHODS: We did a cluster randomised trial in urban and rural sites in Sindh, Pakistan. A baseline survey identified 256 clusters, which were randomly assigned (within urban and rural strata, by ...

    Also Ranks for: Micronutrient Powder |  daily zinc |  young children |  irondeficiency child |  6 18 months
    KOL Index score: 17034

    BACKGROUND: WHO recommends referral to hospital for possible serious bacterial infection in young infants aged 0-59 days. We aimed to assess whether oral amoxicillin treatment for fast breathing, in the absence of other signs, is as efficacious as the combination of injectable procaine benzylpenicillin-gentamicin.

    METHODS: In a randomised, open-label, equivalence trial at five sites in DR Congo, Kenya, and Nigeria, community health workers followed up all births in the community, ...

    Also Ranks for: Fast Breathing |  oral amoxicillin |  young infants |  procaine benzylpenicillin |  referral hospital
    KOL Index score: 16539

    BACKGROUND: Families in high mortality settings need regular contact with high quality services, but existing population-based measurements of contacts do not reflect quality. To address this, in 2012, we designed linked household and frontline worker surveys for Gombe State, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Uttar Pradesh, India. Using reported frequency and content of contacts, we present a method for estimating the population level coverage of high quality contacts.


    Also Ranks for: Quality Contacts |  newborn health |  uttar pradesh |  skilled birth attendant |  postnatal check
    KOL Index score: 16498

    BACKGROUND: Progress in reducing maternal and neonatal deaths and stillbirths is impeded by data gaps, especially regarding coverage and quality of care in hospitals. We aimed to assess the validity of indicators of maternal and newborn health-care coverage around the time of birth in survey data and routine facility register data.

    METHODS: Every Newborn-BIRTH Indicators Research Tracking in Hospitals was an observational study in five hospitals in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Tanzania. We ...

    Also Ranks for: Hospitals Birth |  coverage quality |  maternal health |  register design |  gold standard
    KOL Index score: 16243

    BACKGROUND: National estimates for the numbers of babies born small for gestational age and the comorbidity with preterm birth are unavailable. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of term and preterm babies born small for gestational age (term-SGA and preterm-SGA), and the relation to low birthweight (<2500 g), in 138 countries of low and middle income in 2010.

    METHODS: Small for gestational age was defined as lower than the 10th centile for fetal growth from the 1991 US national ...

    Also Ranks for: Gestational Age |  income countries |  born small |  preterm babies |  south asia
    KOL Index score: 16119

    BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord infection (omphalitis) is a risk factor for neonatal sepsis and mortality in low-resource settings where home deliveries are common. We aimed to assess the effect of umbilical-cord cleansing with 4% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution, with or without handwashing with antiseptic soap, on the incidence of omphalitis and neonatal mortality.

    METHODS: We did a two-by-two factorial, cluster-randomised trial in Dadu, a rural area of Sindh province, Pakistan. Clusters were ...

    Also Ranks for: Neonatal Mortality |  umbilical cord |  topical application |  rural district |  risk omphalitis
    KOL Index score: 15411

    BACKGROUND: Adherence to evidence-based essential birth practices is critical for improving health outcomes for mothers and newborns. The WHO Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC) incorporates these practices, which occur during 4 critical pause points: on admission, before pushing (or cesarean delivery), soon after birth, and before discharge. A peer-coaching strategy to support consistent use of the SCC may be an effective approach to increase birth attendants' adherence to these ...

    Also Ranks for: Uttar Pradesh |  birth practices |  peer coaching |  health facilities |  impact findings
    KOL Index score: 15014

    BACKGROUND: Previous estimates of the global burden of disease for children have not included much information from China, leading to a large gap in data. We identified the main causes of deaths in neonates (<1 month), postneonatal infants (1-11 months), and children (<5 years) in China using information that was available to the public.

    METHODS: The Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group in collaboration with colleagues from Peking University systematically searched Chinese databases ...

    Also Ranks for: 5 Years |  deaths children |  1000 livebirths |  child mortality china |  congenital abnormalities
    KOL Index score: 15009

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is set to become the third most frequent cause of death and also the third largest cause of global morbidity by 2020. In China, where the population is aging rapidly, COPD has become one of the leading causes of disability and a large economic burden. An epidemiological assessment of the COPD in China is required, with a focus on the number of cases living with disease, main determinants of the disease and time trends.

    Methods: We ...

    Also Ranks for: Copd China |  chronic obstructive |  pulmonary disease |  aged prevalence |  global morbidity


    Simon Nicholas Cousens: Influence Statistics

    Sample of concepts for which Simon Nicholas Cousens is among the top experts in the world.
    Concept World rank
    inequity ethiopia #1
    india gombe #1
    acuity measurements specificity #1
    child defecation behaviour #1
    questions months #1
    hmm ghana #1
    time fbh surveys #1
    p0001 iptc #1
    water urban households #1
    newborn infection management #1
    gold standard ultrasound #1
    countryperiods #1
    paracentral field #1
    placebos malaria transmission #1
    context hmm #1
    bse agent strains #1
    cases new variant #1
    storytelling young people #1
    rcts kmc #1
    local risk #1
    psbi neonates #1
    distribution neonatal deaths #1
    patients epidemiologic delivery #1
    hwdn #1
    estimates stillbirth rate #1
    transmission protect #1
    birth 186 countries #1
    backgroundhousehold surveys #1
    deaths vcjd #1
    kmc antibiotics #1
    7 intramuscular #1
    intervention districts proportion #1
    individuals mesoendemic communities #1
    clean practices #1
    uk cases vcjd #1
    child mortality implementation #1
    ivermectin dosing #1
    4 newborn babies #1
    pfcrt76t allele #1
    mms risks #1
    neonatal mortality regions #1
    continuous kmc standard #1
    vital status birth #1
    yard source #1
    newborn babies admission #1
    stillbirths systematic assessment #1
    outcome expectations handwashing #1
    03 target behaviors #1
    volunteers sick newborns #1
    adults msp3 #1

    Key People For Burkina Faso

    Top KOLs in the world
    BRIAN M Greenwood
    plasmodium falciparum gambian children west africa
    Valéry Ridde
    burkina faso user fees scoping review
    Bocar A Kouyaté
    burkina faso young children methylene blue
    Nicolas Yelbomkan Meda†
    burkina faso west africa pregnant women
    Olaf Müller
    burkina faso methylene blue young children
    JeanBosco B Ouedraogo
    burkina faso plasmodium falciparum seasonal malaria chemoprevention

    Simon Nicholas Cousens:Expert Impact

    Concepts for whichSimon Nicholas Cousenshas direct influence:Burkina faso,  Child mortality,  Neonatal deaths,  Neonatal mortality,  Young people,  Preterm birth,  Young infants,  United kingdom.

    Simon Nicholas Cousens:KOL impact

    Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Simon Nicholas Cousens has influence:Preterm birth,  Neonatal mortality,  Gestational age,  Pregnant women,  Newborn infant,  Developing countries,  Prion diseases.



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    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK | London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. | Faculty of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical M