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Plasma Fibrinogen, Ambulatory Blood Pressure, and Silent Cerebrovascular Lesions
OBJECTIVE: Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure (24-hour ABP) values are considered a powerful predictor of stroke. Silent cerebrovascular lesions are associated with an increased risk of stroke. Because fibrinogen is a major determinant of plasma viscosity, an elevated fibrinogen level might also be associated with stroke risk. We evaluated the association of 24-hour ABP and plasma fibrinogen levels with the risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions (white matter hyperintensity and lacunar infarct) detected by MRI.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 958 individuals from the general population of Ohasama, a rural Japanese community. Multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, smoking and drinking status, use of antihypertensive medication, body mass index, 24-hour ABP, and a history of hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, and atrial fibrillation demonstrated that each 1-SD increase in fibrinogen level was associated with a significantly increased risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions (odds ratio, 1.26; P=0.001). The 24-hour ABP was also significantly and independently associated with the risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions. Even when 24-hour ABP values were within normal range (<135/80 mm Hg), elevated fibrinogen levels were associated with an increased risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions. Fibrinogen and 24-hour BP had additive effects on silent cerebrovascular lesions.
CONCLUSION: The 24-hour ABP and plasma fibrinogen levels were closely and independently associated with the risk of silent cerebrovascular lesions including white matter hyperintensity and lacunar infarct.Sign-in to see all concepts, it's free!