Key People For Psoriasis Patients
Metabolic comorbidities and hypertension in psoriasis patients in France. Comparisons with French national databases
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities in psoriasis. Our study aimed to evaluate the association of psoriasis with key comorbidities such as smoking, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes comparatively with French national data.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This multicentre noninterventional observational study of adults with psoriasis was conducted in 29 dermatology centres in France. A total of 2210 patients were included. The prevalence of comorbidities in psoriatic patients was compared to data from the French national databanks "ObEpi 2012" (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes) and "Baromètre Santé 2010" (smoking).
RESULTS: We reported a higher prevalence of all metabolic comorbidities and high blood pressure in psoriatic patients. Smoking: 32.5% were active smokers; the age of onset and the prevalence of familial psoriasis were significantly lower in the smoking group but the severity of psoriasis was significantly higher. The frequency of smoking was higher than in the general population, particularly among young female patients. Obesity: 24% of patients with psoriasis were obese. Multivariate analysis showed obesity to be significantly associated with other comorbidities, severity of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. The incidence of obesity was higher than in general population, occurring chiefly in subjects aged over 45 years.
HYPERTENSION: 26% of patients with psoriasis had hypertension. The age of onset of psoriasis and the prevalence of psoriatic arthritis were significantly higher in the hypertension group, although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of hypertension was higher than in general population. Dyslipidaemia: 27.5% of patients with psoriasis had dyslipidaemia. The age of onset in the dyslipidaemia group was higher although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of dyslipidaemia was higher than in general population. Diabetes: 11.0% of patients with psoriasis had diabetes. The age of onset of psoriasis was significantly higher in the diabetes group although there was less familial psoriasis. The incidence of diabetes was higher than in general population particularly after the age of 35 years.
CONCLUSION: These results confirmed that psoriasis is associated with significant metabolic comorbidities and hypertension compared to the general population in France, with certain epidemiological differences for each.Sign-in to see all concepts, it's free!