Prominent publications by Jeremy James Farrar

KOL Index score: 17209

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood illness caused by serotypes of the Enterovirus A species in the genus Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family. The disease has had a substantial burden throughout East and Southeast Asia over the past 15 y. China reported 9 million cases of HFMD between 2008 and 2013, with the two serotypes Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) being responsible for the majority of these cases. Three recent phase 3 ...

Also Ranks for: Epidemic Dynamics |  mouth disease |  enterovirus serotypes |  hand foot |  hfmd cva16
KOL Index score: 16254

BACKGROUND: Enteric fever, a systemic infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A, is endemic in Kathmandu, Nepal. Previous work identified proximity to poor quality water sources as a community-level risk for infection. Here, we sought to examine individual-level risk factors related to hygiene and sanitation to improve our understanding of the epidemiology of enteric fever in this setting.


Also Ranks for: Salmonella Typhi |  enteric fever |  case control |  kathmandu nepal |  systemic infection
KOL Index score: 16184

BACKGROUND: Drug resistant typhoid fever is a major clinical problem globally. Many of the first line antibiotics, including the older generation fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin, are failing.

OBJECTIVES: We performed a randomised controlled trial to compare the efficacy and safety of gatifloxacin (10 mg/kg/day) versus azithromycin (20 mg/kg/day) as a once daily oral dose for 7 days for the treatment of uncomplicated typhoid fever in children and adults in Vietnam.


Also Ranks for: Typhoid Fever |  gatifloxacin azithromycin |  treatment failure |  children adults |  controlled trial
KOL Index score: 15439

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 is endemic in poultry in East and Southeast Asia with disease outbreaks recently spreading to parts of central Asia, Europe and Africa. Continued interspecies transmission to humans has been reported in Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia and China, causing pandemic concern. Here, we genetically characterize 82 H5N1 viruses isolated from poultry throughout Indonesia and Vietnam and 11 human isolates from southern Vietnam together with ...

Also Ranks for: H5n1 Influenza |  indonesia vietnam |  positive selection |  disease outbreaks |  avian human
KOL Index score: 15435

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common childhood illness caused by enteroviruses. Increasingly, the disease has a substantial burden throughout east and southeast Asia. To better inform vaccine and other interventions, we characterised the epidemiology of hand, foot, and mouth disease in China on the basis of enhanced surveillance.

METHODS: We extracted epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data from cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease reported to the Chinese Center ...

Also Ranks for: Mouth Disease |  epidemiological study |  hand foot |  china enterovirus |  median duration
KOL Index score: 15150

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether gatifloxacin, a new generation and affordable fluoroquinolone, is better than chloramphenicol for the treatment of uncomplicated enteric fever in children and adults.

METHODS: We did an open-label randomised superiority trial at Patan Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal, to investigate whether gatifloxacin is more effective than chloramphenicol for treating uncomplicated enteric fever. Children and adults clinically diagnosed with enteric fever received ...

Also Ranks for: Enteric Fever |  treatment failure |  patients culture |  controlled trial |  gatifloxacin versus
KOL Index score: 15102

BACKGROUND: Combination antifungal therapy (amphotericin B deoxycholate and flucytosine) is the recommended treatment for cryptococcal meningitis but has not been shown to reduce mortality, as compared with amphotericin B alone. We performed a randomized, controlled trial to determine whether combining flucytosine or high-dose fluconazole with high-dose amphotericin B improved survival at 14 and 70 days.

METHODS: We conducted a randomized, three-group, open-label trial of induction ...

Also Ranks for: Cryptococcal Meningitis |  combination antifungal therapy |  amphotericin flucytosine |  2 weeks |  hazard ratio
KOL Index score: 14561

Radical cure of Plasmodium vivax infection applies blood schizontocidal therapy against the acute attack and hypnozoitocidal therapy against later relapse. Chloroquine and primaquine have been used for 60 years in this manner. Resistance to chloroquine by the parasite now requires partnering other blood schizontocides with primaquine. However, the safety and efficacy of primaquine against relapse when combined with other drugs have not been demonstrated. This randomized, open-label, and ...

Also Ranks for: Malaria Relapse |  efficacy primaquine |  acute attack |  dihydroartemisinin piperaquine |  drug therapy
KOL Index score: 14198

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in children is rarely confirmed due to the lack of effective diagnostic tools; only 10 to 15% of pediatric TB is smear positive due to paucibacillary samples and the difficulty of obtaining high-quality specimens from children. We evaluate here the accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF in comparison with the Micoroscopic observation drug susceptibility (MODS) assay for diagnosis of TB in children using samples stored during a previously reported evaluation of the MODS ...

Also Ranks for: Xpert Mtb |  tuberculosis children |  rifampin sensitivity |  reagent kits |  smear positive
KOL Index score: 14188

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features and effectiveness of oseltamivir on disease progression and viral RNA shedding in patients with mild pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus infection.

DESIGN: Opportunistic retrospective review of medical charts of patients with confirmed 2009 H1N1 identified through the national surveillance system in China from May to July 2009.

SETTING: Under coordination of the Ministry of Health, local health departments were asked to collect medical ...

Also Ranks for: 2009 Influenza |  medical charts |  treatment oseltamivir |  onset symptoms |  viral rna shedding
KOL Index score: 14166

To examine the efficacy and safety of short courses of azithromycin and ofloxacin for treating multidrug-resistant (MDR, i.e., resistant to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and cotrimoxazole) and nalidixic acid-resistant enteric fever, azithromycin (1 g once daily for 5 days at 20 mg/kg/day) and ofloxacin (200 mg orally twice a day for 5 days at 8 mg/kg/day) were compared in an open randomized study in adults admitted to a hospital with uncomplicated enteric fever. A total of 88 blood ...

Also Ranks for: Nalidixic Acid |  enteric fever |  ofloxacin azithromycin |  resistant typhoid |  randomized controlled
KOL Index score: 14163

Resistance to antimicrobial agents in Streptococcus pneumoniae is increasing rapidly in many Asian countries. There is little recent information concerning resistance levels in Vietnam. A prospective study of pneumococcal carriage in 911 urban and rural Vietnamese children, of whom 44% were nasal carriers, was performed. Carriage was more common in children <5 years old than in those >/=5 years old (192 of 389 [49.4%] versus 212 of 522 [40.6%]; P, 0.01). A total of 136 of 399 isolates ...

Also Ranks for: Nasal Carriage |  antimicrobial agents |  streptococcus pneumoniae |  vietnamese children |  penicillin resistance
KOL Index score: 14040

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of dengue can assist patient triage and management and prevent unnecessary treatments and interventions. Commercially available assays that detect the dengue virus protein NS1 in the plasma/serum of patients offers the possibility of early and rapid diagnosis.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The sensitivity and specificity of the Pan-E Dengue Early ELISA and the Platelia Dengue NS1 Ag assays were compared against a reference diagnosis in 1385 patients in 6 ...

Also Ranks for: Dengue Diagnosis |  sensitivity specificity |  viral antigens |  elisa assays |  platelia ns1
KOL Index score: 13889

Isolates of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi that are multidrug resistant (MDR, resistant to chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) and have reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones (nalidixic acid resistant, Na(r)) are common in Asia. The optimum treatment for infections caused by such isolates is not established. This study compared different antimicrobial regimens for the treatment of MDR/Na(r) typhoid fever. Vietnamese children and adults with ...

Also Ranks for: Typhoid Fever |  ofloxacin azithromycin |  randomized controlled |  nalidixic acid |  10 day
KOL Index score: 13792

BACKGROUND: Tuberculous meningitis is the most severe form of tuberculosis. Mortality for untreated tuberculous meningitis is 100%. Despite the introduction of antibiotic treatment for tuberculosis the mortality rate for tuberculous meningitis remains high; approximately 25% for HIV-negative and 67% for HIV positive patients with most deaths occurring within one month of starting therapy. The high mortality rate in tuberculous meningitis reflects the severity of the condition but also ...

Also Ranks for: Tuberculous Meningitis |  dose rifampicin |  intensified treatment |  controlled trial |  central nervous

Key People For Typhoid Fever

Top KOLs in the world
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Jeremy ***** ******
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Jeremy James Farrar:Expert Impact

Concepts for whichJeremy James Farrarhas direct influence:Typhoid fever,  Tuberculous meningitis,  Minh city,  Southern vietnam,  Enteric fever,  Mycobacterium tuberculosis,  Bacterial meningitis,  Salmonella enterica.

Jeremy James Farrar:KOL impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors for whichfor which Jeremy James Farrar has influence:Dengue virus,  Typhoid fever,  Mycobacterium tuberculosis,  Tuberculous meningitis,  Avian influenza,  Aedes aegypti,  Japanese encephalitis.



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