• Vaginal Packing
    • To Pack Or Not To Pack? A...
    • To Pack or Not to Pack? A Randomized Trial of Vaginal Packing After Vaginal Reconstructive Surgery: Influence Statistics

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      Concepts for whichthey havehas direct influence:Vaginal packing,Pain satisfaction,Postoperative day,Reconstructive surgery,Pain postoperative,Pain scores,Vaginal hysterectomy,Vaginal reconstructive surgery.

      Key People For Vaginal Packing

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      Linda D Cardozo
      overactive bladder urinary incontinence detrusor instability
      John Oliver Lang DeLancey
      urinary incontinence pelvic floor magnetic resonance
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      urinary incontinence overactive bladder pelvic floor
      Richard C Bump
      urinary incontinence pelvic organ prolapse bacterial vaginosis
      Asma A Khalil
      twin pregnancies gestational age pregnant women
      Dudley Robinson
      overactive bladder urinary incontinence detrusor overactivity

      To Pack or Not to Pack? A Randomized Trial of Vaginal Packing After Vaginal Reconstructive Surgery


      OBJECTIVE: Placement of vaginal packing after pelvic reconstructive surgery is common; however, little evidence exists to support the practice. Furthermore, patients have reported discomfort from the packs. We describe pain and satisfaction in women treated with and without vaginal packing.

      METHODS: This institutional review board-approved randomized-controlled trial enrolled patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with prolapse repairs. The primary outcome was visual analog scales (VASs) for pain on postoperative day 1. Allocation to "packing" ("P") or "no-packing" ("NP") arms occurred intraoperatively at the end of surgery. Visual analog scales regarding pain and satisfaction were completed early on postoperative day 1 before packing removal. Visual analog scale scores for pain, satisfaction, and bother attributable to packing were recorded before discharge. All packing and perineal pads were weighed to calculate a "postoperative vaginal blood loss." Perioperative data were collected from the hospital record. Our sample size estimation required 74 subjects.

      RESULTS: Ninety-three women were enrolled. After exclusions, 77 were randomized (P, 37; NP, 40). No differences were found in surgical information, hemoglobin levels, or narcotic use between groups. However, "postoperative vaginal blood loss" was greater in packed subjects (P < 0.001). Visual analog scale scores for pain before removal of packing (P, 41.6 vs NP, 46.3; P = 0.43] and before discharge (P, 35.0 vs NP, 40.0; P = 0.43] were not significantly different between treatment arms. Likewise, VAS scores for satisfaction before removal of packing (P, 81.0 vs NP, 90.0; P = 0.08] and before discharge (P, 90.0 vs NP, 90.5; P = 0.60] were not significantly different. Packed patients noted lower nursing verbal pain scores (P = 0.04) and used less ketorolac (P = 0.01). Bother from packing was low overall.

      CONCLUSIONS: Although there was no difference based on VAS, women receiving vaginal packing had lower nursing documented pain and used less ketorolac than packed women. Vaginal packing may provide benefit and can remain part of the surgical practice.

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