Antifibrogenic effects of tamoxifen in a rat model of periportal hepatic fibrosis: Influence Statistics

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Concepts for which they have has direct influence: Rats tamoxifen , Transforming growth , Factor beta , 10 rats , Tamoxifen transforming , Factor beta1 , Sprague dawley .

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Antifibrogenic effects of tamoxifen in a rat model of periportal hepatic fibrosis

Abstract

. BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: It has been reported that tamoxifen may affect hepatoma cell growth in vitro by suppressing transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta1) expression, suggesting that tamoxifen might also retard fibrogenesis. Thus, we examined whether tamoxifen might suppress TGF-beta1 expression and consequently inhibit the process of hepatic fibrosis in vivo. METHODS: To induce periportal hepatic fibrosis, 50 male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 0.62 mmol/kg of allyl alcohol, intraperitoneally, twice a week for 8 weeks. Hepatic fibrosis scores, intrahepatic collagen levels and plasma TGF-beta1 expression levels were evaluated in three groups of 10 rats orally administered tamoxifen at 1, 5 and 10 mg/kg, respectively, and in 20 controls. Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) encoding TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta receptors in liver tissue were semiquantified using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Hepatic fibrosis scores decreased progressively as the dose of tamoxifen increased, resulting in a significant change in rats treated with tamoxifen at 10 mg/kg compared with controls (P=0.018). Intrahepatic collagen content was significantly less in the group treated with tamoxifen at 10 mg/kg compared with the control (P=0.045). Plasma TGF-beta1 levels were also significantly lower in rats treated with tamoxifen at 10 mg/kg compared with controls (P=0.007). All three concentrations of tamoxifen tested decreased the expression levels of hepatic TGF-beta1 mRNA and type I TGF-beta receptor (TGF-beta RI) mRNA to similar extents. CONCLUSIONS: Tamoxifen seems to inhibit the process of hepatic fibrosis dose-dependently by suppressing the transcription of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta RI in an experimental model of periportal hepatic fibrosis.