Direct Impact

Concepts for which they have direct influence:

vocal nodules
egg signal
peak slope
electroglottographic acoustic
closed quotient
normalized amplitude
persistent hoarseness

External impact

Concepts related to the work of other authors :

vocal cord
voice disorders
mass lesion
ent outpatient
closing phase
rigid laryngoscopy
phonated vowels

Electroglottographic and acoustic analysis of voice in children with vocal nodules


PURPOSE: Vocal fold nodules are usually caused by voice overuse or vocal hyperfunction, and their symptoms include persistent hoarseness - a disturbance in the vocal fold vibrations which results in a turbulent passage of air in the glottis, manifested as a raspy, rough voice. The aim of the study was to present data concerning voice quality in patients with vocal nodules and to compare electroglottographic analysis (EGG) with acoustic analysis. METHODS: The study examined 57 children with vocal fold nodules (Group 1). Each patient underwent a phoniatric evaluation of the vocal tract, a videolaryngoscopic examination, and a voice quality assessment, employing electroglottographic and acoustic analyses. The control group consisted of 37 healthy children (Group 2). The following parameters were analyzed: Closed Quotient (EGG signal), Peak Slope, Normalized Amplitude Quotient and Cepstral Peak Prominence (acoustic signal - waveform). RESULTS: Changes in the EGG signal could be detected in 95% of the patients with vocal nodules, indicating the occurrence of vocal nodules and glottal insufficiency. The acoustic analysis confirmed breathy phonation in 63% of the patients. The Closed Quotient parameter proved to be more effective than Peak Slope. Closed Quotient, Peak Slope and Normalized Amplitude Quotient allowed for the differentiation of the EGG signal and the acoustic signal in groups 1 and 2 in a statistically significant way. CONCLUSIONS: The results of electroglottographic and acoustic analysis show incorrect voice parameters in patients with vocal nodules with reference to the control group. At the same time, the EGG analysis proved to be more effective than the analysis of the acoustic signal.

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