MPFL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon graft Part 2: Operative technique and short term clinical results: Influence Statistics

Expert Impact

Concepts for which they have has direct influence: Quadriceps tendon , Mpfl reconstruction , Quadriceps tendon graft , Tendon graft , Term clinical , Short term clinical , Surgical technique .

Key People For Quadriceps Tendon

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MPFL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon graft Part 2: Operative technique and short term clinical results


. BACKGROUND: We describe the preliminary clinical results of a new operative technique for MPFL reconstruction using a strip of quadriceps tendon (QT). METHODS: PATIENTS: 17 patients (7 male, 10 female; mean age 21.5 years ± 3.9) have been operated on with this technique. All patients were evaluated clinically, radiologically and with subjective questionnaires (Tegner-, Lysholm-, Kujala Score) pre-operatively and post-operatively at 6 and 12 months (m). SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: A 10 to 12 mm wide, 3mm thick and 8 to 10 cm long strip from the central aspect of quadriceps tendon is harvested subcutaneously. The tendon strip is then dissected distally on the patella, left attached, diverged 90° medially underneath the medial prepatellar tissue and fixed with 2 sutures. The graft is fixed in 20° of knee flexion with a bioabsorbable interference screw. RESULTS: Lysholm score at 6m was 81.9 ± 11.7 and at 12 m 88.1 ± 10.9, Kujala score at 12 m was 89.2 ± 7.1 and Tegner Score was 4.9 ± 2.0 (6m) and 5.0 ± 1.9 (12 m). Two patients had a positive apprehension test at 12 months. There was no re-dislocation during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: MPFL reconstruction with a strip of QT harvested in a minimal invasive technique was found to be associated with good short term clinical results. We think that this technique presents a valuable alternative to common hamstring techniques for primary MPFL reconstruction in children and adults, as well as for MPFL revision surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV, prospective case series.