There is a role for allografts in reconstructive surgery of the elbow and forearm
. PurposeAllografts play an important role in tendon, ligament, and bone reconstruction surgery, particularly when suitable available autologous tissue is limited. Enthusiasm for the use of allografts in reconstructive orthopedic surgery has increased over the past decade, with an increase in allograft use in a variety of procedures. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the various applications and indications for the use of allografts in reconstructive surgical procedures of the elbow and forearm.MethodsMEDLINE/PubMed was searched from 1990 through October 2018 for studies on tendon and bony allografts in elbow and forearm reconstructive surgery.ResultsThe Achilles tendon allograft is the most frequently used tendinous allograft, predominantly used in distal biceps and triceps reconstruction. Although reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament of the elbow is generally performed using autografts, it has been shown that semitendinosus and gracilis allografts may be equally effective. Extensor hallucis longus allografts are recommended for reconstruction of the lateral collateral ligaments in patients with posterolateral rotatory instability, and there may be a role for osteochondral allograft transplantation in capitellar osteochondral defects. In addition, the use of allografts in reconstruction of the interosseous membrane and various bone pathologies (fractures, bone tumors, forearm nonunions) has been described in current literature.ConclusionThere is a large variety of pathology and procedures involving the use of various types of allografts in orthopedic reconstructive surgery of the elbow and forearm.